Error processing SSI file

Glossary

 

Error processing SSI file

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Misc.

1040 form
The Internal Revenue Service form used to file individual income tax information.

1099 form
An income tax reporting form required by the U.S. government for many types of payments made to persons and
non-corporate entities.

52-period accounting
A method of accounting that uses each week as a separate accounting period.



A

A/D Cycle
Application Development Cycle.

A/P Ledger method
One of the two methods J.D. Edwards provides to process 1099 tax reporting forms. Using this method, you produce 1099s from data stored in the A/P Ledger table (F0411). Also called the expedient method and the fast path method.

AA ledger
The ledger type used for transactions in domestic amounts (actual amounts).

access
The path to the information or functions provided by the system through menus, screens, and reports.

account site
In the invoice process, the address where an invoice is mailed. Invoices may go to a different location or account site, than the statement.

account status
The state or condition of a customer's accounts receivable transaction account.

accounting period
One of the divisions of a fiscal year. A fiscal year can contain 12 to 14 accounting periods, or more rarely, 52 periods. There can also be an additional period for year-end adjustments, and another additional period for audit adjustments.

Accounts Payable (A/P)
The value of goods and services that you have received, which have not been paid for.

Accounts Receivable (A/R)
The value of goods and services that you have shipped or rendered, which have not been paid for.

accrual
A monetary amount or number of hours that employees can accumulate over time. Accruals can be compounded by employees and used at a later date. Vacation leave and sick time are accruals.

acknowledgement
See order acknowledgement.

action message
OneWorld can generate or transmit messages with shortcuts to OneWorld forms, programs, or data. An action error message from a general ledger post program can let the user access the incorrect journal entries directly from the action message. Action messages are a large feature of OneWorld's workflow. They can be generated either from OneWorld or from an external email system.

ActiveX
A technology based on object linking and embedding that allows Java applet-style functions to work in Web browsers, as well as in other applications. ActiveX controls are the equivalent of Java applets. ActiveX controls allow certain Web browsers, Microsoft Office programs, and other Visual Basic/C++-based programs to use new computational, communications, and data-manipulation functions.

activity driver
A measure of the frequency and strength of demand placed by cost objects on activities. It represents a line item on an order, such as the number of part numbers, or the number of customer orders, or the number of purchase orders. See also cost object.

activity levels
The activity level of a storage pool is the number of jobs that can run at the same time in a storage pool. The machine manages the control of this level. Often during processing in a job, a program waits for a system resource or a response from a work station user. During such waits, a job gives up its use of the storage pools in order that another job that is ready to be processed can take its place.

activity type
A code that represents an action that is to be taken when reviewing and working customer accounts for credit and collection management purposes. For example, credit review required and delinquency notice approval required.

actual demand
Actual customer orders, plus allocations of items/ingredients/raw materials to production or distribution.

adjusted wages
The amount of wages (taxable plus adjustments) reported on the year-end form, for which the employee must pay taxes.

adjustment definition
A record of the characteristics of a pricing plan, promotion, or discount.

adjustment details
Rules that calculate price adjustments, such as free goods, pricing formulas, discounts, and variable tables.

adjustment schedule
A list of one or more price adjustments for which a customer or item could be eligible.

adjustment
(1) A payment and receipt application method used to modify an amount such as a minor write-off or outstanding freight charges and disputed taxes. (2) The various amounts processed for each employee, such as pay, deductions, and benefits. By definition, the adjustment amount either was not included in the taxable wage amount for the pay period, or is an amount that must be reported to the IRS even though it was previously included in the taxable wage. In the first case, the employee is deemed responsible for the tax, so it must be added back to the taxable wage.

advanced operating system
A single integrated operating system that contains a relational database, a display manager, a storage manager, a communication manager, a work manager, a security manager and other programs.

AEC
The Architectural, Engineering and Construction group of modules (systems) within J.D. Edwards software.

aging
A classification of accounts by the time elapsed since the billing date or due date. Aging is divided into schedules or accounting periods, such as 0-30 days, 31-60 days, and so on.

algorithm
A predetermined set of instructions for solving a specific problem with a limited number of steps. For example, you define A/R algorithm methods to instruct the system about how to apply receipts during the automatic receipts process, such as invoice selection match, balance forward match, or a combination invoice match. You can use a given base method, or create different versions of a base method through the use of processing options, selection criteria, and sequencing specifications.

allocated tips
An income amount that the IRS considers to be taxable, even though tips are not wages. Allocated tips are calculated based on the actual tip amount the employee reported, not on the tips based on the IRS 8 percent rule.

allocated wages
The amount of federal adjusted wages and tax across all the states where the employee worked.

allocating pools
If the system cannot allocate all the requested storage, it allocates as much storage as is available and allocates all the rest as storage becomes available.

allocation
The amount or proportion of a product allotted to a customer or customer group over a specific period of time. It sets a maximum ceiling on the amount of a product the customer can order. The opposite of allocation is sales targeting. See also quotas.

alphabetic character
A letter, such as A, B, and C, that represents data. Contrast with numeric character.

alphanumeric character
A number, symbol, or letter that represents data.

AOF
Area Of Focus.

AP; A/P
Accounts Payable.

APD
Application Program Driver.

APPC
Advanced Program to Program Communications.

applicant
A person who applies for a job with an organization.

application developer
A programmer who creates new OneWorld applications using the OneWorld toolset.

Application Program Interface (API)
The means by which a programmer can access the features provided by the interfaced object.

AP; A/P
Accounts Payable.

application program
A computer software designed to perform a variety of related tasks. In J.D. Edwards software, there are interactive applications (such as windows used for inquiries or transactions) and batch applications (such as reports). Interactive application identifiers begin with P. Batch application identifiers begin with R.

Application Service Provider (ASP)
Companies that want to replace stand-alone software, such as email programs, travel reservation systems and so forth, with Web-based services that can be billed on a periodic basis.

application workspace
On a computer screen, the window in which all related forms within an application appear.

APPN
Advanced Peer-to-Peer Networking.

approval route
A person or sequence of people that authorize the purchase of items or services.

approver number
The user ID of the person who approves vouchers for payment.

AR; A/R
Accounts Receivable.

arrearage
A past due amount, such as an amount that the Payroll module cannot deduct from an employee's pay because the employee did not earn enough to pay for the deduction.

arreared taxes
The amount of payroll tax that could not be withheld from a paycheck because the net pay was a negative amount (the employee owes the company). The system must be set up to track arreared taxes.

as of processing
A process run as of a specific date to summarize transactions up to that date.

as of report
A report used to view the A/R Ledger and A/P Ledger tables in summary or detail for a specific point in time.

AS/400 Office
An IBM word processing program.

AS/400
Application System/400 computer.

ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange.

ASPs
Auxiliary Storage Pools.

attributes
Characteristics of an item, entity, or transaction that allow it to be grouped with other similar items, entities, or transactions

audit adjustments
The adjustments you make to G/L accounts following an audit. You generally enter these adjustments annually, following the close of the fiscal year.

audit trail
The detailed, verifiable history of a processed transaction. The history consists of the original documents, transaction entries, and posting of records. An audit trail usually concludes with a report.

authority
The right to do something on the system or to use an object in the system, such as a file or a program.

Automatic Accounting Instruction (AAI)
A code that points to an account in the chart of accounts (COA). AAIs define rules for programs that automatically generate journal entries. This includes interfaces between Accounts Payable, Accounts Receivable, and Financial Reporting and the General Accounting system. Each system that interfaces with the General Accounting system has AAIs. For example, AAIs can direct the Post to General Ledger program to post a debit to a certain expense account and an automatic credit to a certain accounts payable account.

automatic debits
A payment instrument that authorizes a company to collect money directly from their client's bank account. The company sends an electronic file (EFT) to its bank, which collects from the client's account.

automatic deposit advice slip
See payment.

autostart job entry
A job is automatically started each time the subsystem is started.

availability
If availability checking is activated, the system checks whether the item is in stock and available for sale.

AZ ledger
The ledger type used for cash-basis accounting.



B

B/L
See Bill of Lading.

B/S
Balance Sheet.

B-commerce
Business-to-business commerce. A B2B e-marketplace is an enterprise that brings together buyers and sellers within an industry, geographic region, or affinity group, for the purpose of commerce. It provides content, value-added services and (often but not always) commerce transaction capabilities.

B2B
See B-commerce.

back order
A sales order whose shipment date is uncertain due to lack of available product.

back-to-back ship
See direct ship order.

backup copy
A copy of original data preserved on a magnetic tape or diskette as protection against destruction or loss.

balance forward
A receipt application method in which the receipt is applied to the oldest invoices in chronological order according to the net due date. —SYN. balance forward receipt application method.

Bank Automated Clearing System (BACS)
An electronic process used in the United Kingdom.

bank tape (lock box) processing
The receipt of payments directly from a customer's bank via customer tapes for automatic receipt application.

bar code
A series of alternating lines and spaces printed on parts, containers, and labels, that represent encoded information that is read by electronic scanners.

base discounts
Discounts that apply to the quantity ordered, not the quantity shipped.

base inventory level
A minimum inventory level typically set by top management.

base price
The company’s beginning price, used as the foundation or base from which the actual price is derived. The base price is determined by components, like the cost of the goods, freight, tax, and so forth. A base price can change when the components change. Depending on the situation, these components may need to be shown on an invoice as separate line items, or rolled into one price.

base state
The state where an employee lived during the tax year. J.D. Edwards generates a state and local control record for each employee, regardless of whether the employee worked in a state that requires taxes. This state record provides federal information that prints on the employee's year-end form if only one state is printed on the form.

BASIC
Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code language, originally used on mainframe computers and later used on PCs.

basket discount
A reduction in price that applies to a group or “basket” of products within a sales order.

batch control
The verification of the number of transactions and the total amount in each batch entered into the system.

batch header
A record that the computer uses as identification and control for a group of transactions or records in a batch.

batch input table
An external table that holds data being loaded into the system.

batch input
A group of transactions loaded from an external source.

batch job
A task or group of tasks you submit for processing that the system treats as a single unit during processing; for example, printing reports and purging files. The computer performs these tasks with little or no user interaction.

batch processing
A method by which the computer selects jobs from the job queue, processes them, and writes output to the out queue. Contrast with interactive processing.

batch receipts entry
An alternative method (such as an optical reader or magnetic scanner) to load receipts into the J.D. Edwards Accounts Receivable system.

batch sheet
A list that combines the product and process definition by combining a statement of required materials as well as required manufacturing procedures. See also pick list; material list.

batch status
A code that indicates the posting status of a batch. For example, A indicates approved for posting, P indicates posting in-process, and D indicates posted.

batch type
A code that designates which J.D. Edwards system the associated transactions pertain to, thus controlling what records are selected for processing. For example, in the Post General Journal process, only unposted transaction batches with a batch type of G (General Accounting) are selected for posting.

batch
(1) A group of like records or transactions that the computer treats as a single unit during processing. For identification purposes, the system usually assigns each batch a unique identifier, known as a “batch number.” (2) Describes the material or product produced during a batch process. May refer to the unique code or description that identifies that product. See also lot.

batch-of-one immediate
A transaction method that allows a client application to perform work, then to submit the work all at once to a server application for further processing. The client application can then continue on to other tasks. See also direct connect; store and forward.

beginning inventory
A statement of the inventory count at the end of last period, most properly based upon a physical count. Used in period costing for calculating material usage. —SYN. base inventory level.

beneficiary
The person for whom a trust is created or allocated, who should receive proceeds or benefits that accrue on an insurance policy or annuity.

benefit group
A group of employees who have access to the same benefit plans. Benefit groups can be for groups of workers such as salaried, hourly, and executive employees.

benefit plan
A plan that provides compensation for employees above salary or wages. Benefit plans can include health insurance, 401(k), and profit-sharing plans.

benefit
Compensation that an employee receives as part of their total compensation for working for an organization. Examples include group medical insurance, paid vacations, and 401(k) plans.

Bill of Lading (B/L or BOL)
A legal document issued by a shipping company, owner, or agent of either, to a shipper stating that certain goods received for shipment are promised to be delivered at a specified destination, either to the carrier’s agent or to a particular consignee or customer. Usually three or four copies are signed, one each being kept by carrier and shipper, and a third forwarded to the consignee. Customarily abbreviated B/L. The legal importance of this document lies in its being a receipt for goods, a contract for carriage, and a title to property. As such, it is a legally binding instrument.

bin
A storage container or shelf space with physical dividers to separate the storage locations.

binary string (BSTR)
A prefixed string used by OLE automation functions. Binary strings are double-byte strings on 32-bit Windows platforms.

bit
A binary digit, such as a zero or a one.

blanket order
An order that commits the purchaser to take delivery of specified products in agreed quantities over a finite period of time. —SYN. block order, standing order. See also blanket release; contract reporting.

blanket release
An authorization to ship (purchase order) or produce (schedule) against a blanket agreement or contract. The blanket agreement or contract covers multiple releases over a period of time. See also blanket order; contract reporting.

block order
See blanket order.

blocked operations
A group of operations identified separately for instructions and documentation but reported only when all are complete.

Bomb
To fail or crash.

book inventory
Inventory as it is shown in the computer. This shows inventory on hand, not necessarily available inventory. See also reconciliation; physical inventory.

Boolean logic operand
In J.D. Edwards reports, the parameter of the Relationship field. The Boolean logic operand tells the system to perform a comparison between certain records or parameters. Available operands are:
    EQ = Equal To
    LT = Less Than
    LE = Less Than or Equal To
    GT = Greater Than
    GE = Greater Than or Equal To
    NE = Not Equal To
    NL = Not Less Than
    NG = Not Greater Than

BPR
Business Process Redesign.

branch/plant
A business unit for which you track item quantities and costs. Also sometimes called a location, but not to be confused with a location within a specific warehouse.

broadcast message
An electronic mail message that you can send to a number of recipients.

bubble chart
A diagram that attempts to display the interrelationships of systems, functions, or data in sequential flow. It derives its name from the circular symbols used to enclose the statements on the chart.

buffer
A reserved memory area used for performing input/output operations.

BU.OBJ.SUB
Business Unit.Object. Subsidiary (J.D. Edwards Account Code Structure).

business function event rule
An encapsulated set of business logic created through event rules instead of C. Contrast with embedded event rule. See also event rule.

business function event rule
An encapsulated set of business logic created through event rules instead of C. Contrast with embedded event rule. See also event rule.

business function
An encapsulated set of business rules and logic that can be reused by many applications. Business functions can execute all or part of a transaction, such as checking inventory, issuing work orders, etc. Business functions contain APIs that allow them to be called from a form, a database trigger, or an external application. Business functions can be combined with other business functions, forms, event rules, and other components to construct an application. Business functions can be created through event rules or third-generation languages like C.

business impacts
Potential obstacles to the success of a project. These can include major changes to business processes, policies and procedures that are required to meet business objectives and support the new system.

business impact workshops
Workshops that identify, categorize and prioritize impacts and risks to the project.

business needs analysis
Discovery process where the client documents, in as much detail as possible, their current processes and procedures including all inputs, outputs and data flows throughout the organization. This critical step in the implementation process provides output that is used to develop procedures identifying how the client intends to use the various ERP applications.

business unit (BU)
The lowest level in your business where you record assets, liabilities, income, expenses and equities. The "where" of the organization that will be impacted by a transaction. The attributes of a business unit are: (1.) it can belong to only one fund, (2.) there may be several business units to a fund, and (3.) each fund must have at least one business unit for the Balance Sheet. — SYN. Cost center.

Business View Design Aid (BDA)
A OneWorld GUI tool used to create, change, copy, and print business views.

business view
A method used by OneWorld applications to access data from database tables. A business view selects specific columns from one or more tables so that the data can be used in an application or a report. It does not select specific rows, and does not contain any physical data, but is simply a retrieval tool.



C

caching
A technique to locally store the results of input and output operations to minimize the use of slower accesses to disk drives and other storage devices.

CAFR
Comprehensive Annual Financial Report.

calculation method
When you restate currency, you can choose among three calculation methods: (1) period calculations, used for P&L accounts, (2) balance calculations, used for balance accounts, and (3) historical rate, used for fixed assets.

candidate
See applicant.

capital assets
Assets of significant value with a useful life of several years (also known as Fixed Assets).

capital investment
The purchase of assets other than inventory. In most corporations, such investments require a capital expenditure authorization.

capital projects
Projects that purchase or construct capital assets. Typically, a capital project encompasses a purchase of land and/or the construction of a building or facility.

Cardex (Item Ledger)
The item ledger table (F4111). The table contains transaction history for each of the items in inventory.

carrying costs
The cost of holding, storing, insuring, controlling and handling components and finished goods (raw, intermediate and finished goods inventory). This is usually stated as a percentage of an item's standard unit cost per year.

cash basis accounting
A method of accounting that recognizes revenue and expenses when monies are received and paid.

category code
In user defined codes, a temporary title for an undefined category. For example, if you are adding a code that designates different sales regions, you could change category code 4 to Sales Region, and define (E)ast, (W)est, (N)orth, and (S)outh as the valid codes. Category codes were formerly known as reporting codes. See also user defined code.

CBT
Computer Based Training.

CDT
Custom Documentation Tool.

central objects
Objects that reside in a central location, and which consist of two parts: the central objects data source, and central C components. The central objects data source contains OneWorld specifications, which are stored in a relational database. Central C components contain business function source, header, object, library, and DLL files, and are usually stored in directories on the deployment server. Together, these make up central objects.

character
Any letter, number, or other symbol that a computer can read, write, and store.

chargeback
A cash application method that generates an invoice for a disputed amount or for the unpaid difference.

Chart Of Accounts (COA)
A complete listing of all individual account titles and account numbers used by a government entity in its accounting system.

check
See payment.

check-in location
The directory structure location for the package and its set of replicated objects. This is usually \\deploymentserver\release\path_code\\package\packagename. The subdirectories under this path contain the central C components for business functions.

classifications
A sub-grouping of inventory to reflect its state of availability (for example, in-transit, in quarantine, awaiting rework).

clerk
Order taker.

client/server
A relationship between processes running on separate machines. The server provides software services, while the client consumes them. A server can service many clients simultaneously, and can regulate their access to shared resources. Clients initiate sessions, while servers wait for client requests.

CNC
See Configurable Network Computing.

COBOL
Common Business Oriented Language.

COBRA
Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act, which requires most employers with group health plans to offer employees and their dependents continued health coverage at the group rates that the employee would otherwise have given up because of a qualifying event (such as quitting the job). Federal and state agencies govern COBRA coverage.

code agency
Under the Governor's control (DAS, Banking, HHS).

column
See field.

command
A character, word, phrase, or combination of keys you use to tell the computer to perform a defined activity.

commodities
Any equipment, materials or supplies.

commodity price
A published price for commodity products. For example, Platt’s price plus some additional pricing factor.

Common User Access (CUA)
IBM's specification of a user interface definition across applications.

compa-ratio
An employee's salary divided by the midpoint amount of the employee's pay grade.

compile
To change source code into computer readable code.

component item
A secondary item listed in a bill of material.

compulsory stock
A quantity of stock that the government or that an agreement with another entity requires you to hold.

Computer Aided Design/Computer Aided Programming (CAD/CAP)
A set of automated programming tools for designing and developing systems. These tools automate system design, generate source code and documentation, enforce design standards, and help to ensure consistency throughout all J.D. Edwards systems.

configurable client engine
OneWorld code that allows users to customize their display interface for their comfort. You can move columns, set tabs for different views, and change grid sizes. This functionality also permits the use of Web browsers with OneWorld.

configurable network computing (CNC)
Application architecture that permits interactive and batch applications from a single code base to run across a TCP/IP network of multiple server platforms and SQL databases. The applications consist of reusable business functions and associated data that can be configured across the network dynamically. This allows businesses to more easily change organizational structures, business processes, and technologies separately.

configure activity
During this activity, system processes are modified, interfaces are developed and conversion programs are constructed. This activity relies on the input specifications from the prior Design Activity.

consigned stock
Stock that is owned by one company, but that is stored at another company. The stock is normally intended for distribution and consumption by the second company.

consignment agreement
An agreement where the retailer acts as an agent for the company. The product sold from the retail site is owned by the company. The retailer does not pay for the product upon delivery, but only upon the sale of the product (at an agreed upon price).

consolidated invoice
An invoice that contains multiple orders. The system does not summarize information on the consolidated invoice.

consolidation reporting
The process of combining financial statements for companies or business units so that the different entities can be represented by a single balance sheet or income statement. If the different entities operate in different currencies, consolidation reporting may be complicated by the need for currency restatement. See also currency restatement.

consolidations
A method of grouping or combining information for several companies or business units. Used for reports or inquiries.

constants
Parameters or codes that rarely change. The computer uses constants to standardize information processing by an associated system. Some examples of constants are allowing or disallowing out-of-balance postings and having the system perform currency conversions on all amounts. Once you set constants such as these, the system follows these rules until you change the constants.

constitutional agency
An agency provided for by the State Constitution (State Treasurer, Secretary of State).

contra/clearing account
A G/L account used by the system to offset (balance) journal entries. For example, you can use a contra/clearing account to balance the entries created by allocations.

contract price
A product’s price is governed by a contractual agreement existing for a period of time between a buyer and seller. Contract prices protect buyers during a period of rising prices by limiting the price increases over the period of the contract.

contract reporting
The practice of reporting of each instance and the accumulation to date of finished production against both the individual schedule and a customer’s blanket commitments to purchase a stated quantity. See also blanket order; blanket release.

contractor
A third party supplier of transportation resources (for hire) —SYN. hauler, common carrier.

contribution to profit
The selling price of an item minus its variable costs.

control
Any data entry point allowing the user to interact with an application, such as check boxes, pull-down lists, buttons, entry fields, and so on.

cooperative purchasing
The combining of requirements of two or more political entities to obtain advantages of volume purchases, reduction in administrative expenses or other public benefits.

core
The central and foundation systems of J.D. Edwards software, including General Accounting, Accounts Payable, Accounts Receivable, Address Book, Financial Reporting, Financial Modeling and Budgeting, and Back Office.

corporate tax ID
A government identification number assigned to a company or other entity for tax reporting purposes.

cost allocations
A procedure used to allocate or distribute expenses, budgets, adjustments, and so on among business units, based on collective consumption or burden. This is usually used when direct measurement of each business unit's consumption does not exist, or it is not practical to bill each business unit directly for its own consumption.

cost and freight (C & F)
A transaction similar to cost, insurance, freight (CIF), but under this transaction, the buyer obtains his own insurance. See also cost, insurance and freight (CIF).

cost center
See business unit.

cost driver
A factor that determines effort and work load required to perform an activity. An event or activity that incurs cost.

cost object
Any customer, product, service, contract, project, or other work unit for which a separate cost measurement is desired.

cost of goods sold (COGS)
The cost of products sold during an accounting period, including material, labor, and factory overhead expenses.  

cost, insurance and freight (CIF)
A sale where the buyer agrees to pay a unit price, including the Free-On-Board (FOB) value, plus all insurance and transportation costs, at the point of origin. This is different from a “delivered” sale because usually it is duty-free, and the buyer accepts the quantity and quality at the point of origin as certified by the Bill Of Lading and the Certificate Of Analysis, instead of paying for the quantity and quality received at the destination. Risk and title are transferred at the point of origin, though the seller must provide insurance in a transferable policy at time of loading.

COTS
Commercial Off The Shelf.

credit checking
The process of reviewing the credit worthiness of the organization. This typically entails a review of the organization’s Accounts Receivable balance, including its size and its relative age, as well as the net equivalent balance of any loan or borrow arrangements. May include a method of checking credit limits of the parent company (the company a product is sold to, that might be different from the company a product is shipped to).

credit memo
See credit order.

credit message
A code used to display information about a customer's account status, such as “Over Credit Limit.”

credit note reimbursement
A system-generated transaction used to reclassify a credit memo or unapplied cash record from the Accounts Receivable system to an open voucher in the Accounts Payable system.

credit note
The physical document used to communicate the circumstances and value of a credit order.

credit order
A transaction with a negative amount, used to reflect products or equipment that is received or returned. Credit orders usually add the product back into inventory. This process is linked with shipment/delivery confirmation. —SYN: credit memo; return order adjustment.

critical date
The date that identifies when crucial tasks or decisions must be completed. Failure to meet the date may impact subsequent tasks.

CRM
Customer Relationship Management. The process of storing and analyzing the vast amounts of data produced by sales calls, customer service centers and actual purchases, supposedly yielding greater insight into customer behavior. CRM also allows business to treat different types of customers differently; in some cases, for instance, by responding more slowly to those who spend less, or charging more to those who require more expensive handholding.

CRP
Conference Room Pilot. A simulation of the client's business in a conference room environment. Scripted scenarios based on the Business Procedures Review are processed to prove or disprove business requirements. All outstanding issues are documented to be reviewed at a later date.

CUM
(1) A Cumulative Update, a set of changes to J.D. Edwards software which your organization receives on magnetic tapes, diskettes, or CDs. (2) An acronym for cubic meter.

cumulative price
A price determined by some combination of the item's internal list price, base price, contract price and promotional price.

currency code
A code used to assign a currency to a customer, supplier, bank account, company, or ledger type.

currency restatement
The process of converting amounts from one currency into another currency, generally for reporting purposes. It can be used, for example, when many currencies must be restated into a single currency for consolidated reporting.

current library
A single library that is searched before any other user libraries in the library list. A current library is optional and can be different for each user or job. On displays, the current library is represented by the value *CURLIB.

cursor sensitive help
J.D. Edwards’ online help function that allows you to view a description of a field, an explanation of its purpose, and, when applicable, a list of the valid codes you can enter. To access this information, click in a field to display the appropriate help button.

cursor
The blinking underscore or rectangle on your screen that indicates where the next keystroke will appear.

custom gridlines
A dynamic row in a grid that is calculated instead of being displayed from the database. For example, to display a grid total, sum the values and insert a custom gridline to display the total, using the OneWorld system function Insert Grid Row Buffer.

customer
An individual or organization that purchases goods and services.

customer business line
A characteristic that describes the nature of the customer’s business and that controls the relationship with that customer, including such things as product pricing or availability.

customer ledger
The record of transactions between your company and a particular customer.

customer payment
The payment your company receives from a customer.

customer pricing rules
In procurement, the inventory pricing rules assigned to a supplier. In Sales, inventory pricing rules that are assigned to a customer.

customer service representative (CSR)
An employee who communicates with customers and who usually enters sales orders into the system. This may be a sales person who negotiates price and trading activity. The CSR might not be authorized to change prices. —SYN. clerk, order capture clerk, order taker.

customer’s usuals list
See order template.

cycle billing
The practice of invoicing a customer on a specific date for all sales within a specified date range. For example, a customer may request that all sales between the first and the 15th of the month be invoiced on the 25th. Invoicing is not done per delivery, but per sales period. When an invoice is not sent with the delivery, a delivery ticket is sent instead. Delivery tickets don’t show prices or due dates. Also called periodic invoicing, invoice cycles. See also delivery ticket.

cycle count tag
Document numbering system used for packaged lubricants. This number is used through the entire product transportation and invoicing process.

cycle counts
An audit technique where a particular part of the inventory is counted on a regular, predefined, schedule rather than once a year.



D

DAS
Department of Administrative Services.

DASD
Data Auxiliary Storage Device.

data character
A pattern of 8 bits.

data dictionary
A database file consisting of the definitions, structures, and guidelines for the usage of fields, messages, and help text in J.D. Edwards software.

data field
A collection of data characters.

data integrity
The relationships between data items (fields) and whether the values correlate correctly.

data mart
A department-level decision-support database, which usually obtains its data from an enterprise data warehouse. Data marts can be either relational or multidimensional databases.

data replication
The practice of maintaining duplicate copies of data on several machines. A single machine must “own” the data, to ensure that the latest copy of data can be applied to a primary location, and then copied to the other machines. This is different from simply copying the data, where the copy is not maintained in a central location and exists independently of the source.

data source
A specific instance of a database management system. Data source management is performed using the Object Configuration Manager (OCM) and the Object Map (OM).

data structure
A group of data items that can be used for passing information between objects, such as between forms, between forms and business functions, or between reports and business functions.

data validation
The process of determining if data is correct when compared to a set of conditions.

data warehouse
A generic term for a system for storing, retrieving, and managing large amounts of any type of data.

data
Numbers, letters, or symbols that represent facts, definitions, conditions, and situations, that a computer can read, write, and store.

database driver
Software that connects an application to a specific database management system.

database server
A server that stores data.

database
A continuously updated collection of all information a system uses and stores. Databases make it possible to create, store, index, and cross reference information online.

date pattern
A period of time set for each period in standard and 52-period accounting.

DBMS
Data Base Management System.

DDE
Dynamic Data Exchange.

DDM
Distributed Data Management.

DDP
Distributed Data Processing.

DDS
Data Description Specifications.
debit statement
A list of debit balances.

deduction
(1) An amount by which a customer reduces payment for reasons that might be related to a specific invoice, such as damaged goods. (2) An amount taken out of an employee's pay, such as for life or medical insurance.

default data
A code, number, or parameter the system supplies when you do not enter one. For example, if an input field’s default is N and you do not enter something in that field, the system supplies an N.

default variance location
A code that identifies the location that the system uses during putaway confirmation when you confirm a smaller quantity that the suggested quantity.

deferred compensation
An amount withheld from an employee's pay for retirement savings. Deferred compensation usually is taxed later, after the employee retires.

delayed billing
A business process where the printing/transmission of the customer's invoice is delayed until the end of some designated period (for example, accumulated volume discounts, Platt’s published rates at month end).

delinquency policy
A common set of rules that the system applies equally to a class of customers when processing late fees and delinquency notices in the A/R system.

delivered
A transaction where the buyer pays on the basis of delivered quality/quantity. Risk and title are borne by the seller until such time as the product passes to the buyer’s installation. The seller is responsible for clearance through customs and payment of all duties. Any in-transit contamination or loss of cargo is the liability of the seller. In delivered transactions, the buyer pays only for the quantity of product actually received in storage, not on the bill of lading figures that reflect the amount loaded.

delivery confirmation
A transaction that verifies that the goods on an order or trip were delivered to their destination. Part of the confirmation may include defining the disposition of product not delivered, for example, return to tank or left on board. See also return confirmation.

delivery date
The date the customer receives the product.

delivery invoice
A document that provides the delivery instructions for a specific order or trip, specifying the products and quantities that should be delivered. It shows the product price, value added tax (VAT), and any other additional charges associated with a delivery to the customer.

delivery ticket
An itemized list of goods shipped that is sent with the product to the ship-to customer location. It is like an invoice except it has no prices or due date listed, and invoices may go to a different address than the product. Delivery tickets are used when the customer does not want prices shown, when the customer wants to pay against a periodic invoice, or when the product quantity is not known until after delivery. Several delivery tickets can roll up into a single invoice, with either separate line items or aggregate amounts shown. See also priced delivery ticket.

demurrage
A term widely used in the shipping industry to quantify the amount of (and liability for) any additional costs incurred by a loading/unloading required for trucks or ships arising from delays and lost time. Generally, parties specify (and thereby strictly limit) the amount of time granted to load/unload cargo. Time spent in excess of this limit is demurrage.

denominated-in currency
The company currency in which financial reports are based.

deploy activity
During this activity, "go live" activities are performed to migrate the application from a development environment to a production environment. Infrastructure is rolled out, support structures are put in place and processes for monitoring success are established.

descriptive title
See user defined code.

design activity
Documentation of the business processes and determining technical and personnel requirements are completed during this activity. In addition, the gaps in functionality and possible solutions to the gaps are documented.

detail area
A part of a program window that is used to display additional information associated with a particular record or data item. For example, the items sold on a sales order are listed in the detail area. Contrast with header area. —SYN. grid.

detail area
An area on a screen that is used to display additional information associated with a particular record or data item. For example, the items sold on a sales order are listed in the detail area. Contrast with header area.

detail file
A file that contains manufacturing, routing, or specification details. Contrast with master file.

detail
The specific information that makes up a record on the form. —SYN. grid.

DFU
Data File Utility. An IBM product.

DIF
Data Interchange Format.

direct connect
A transaction method where a client application connects interactively and directly with a server application. See also batch-of-one immediate; store and forward.

direct cost
A cost that is traced directly to an activity or a cost object, For example, the material issued to a particular work order and engineering time devoted to a specific product are direct costs to the work orders or products.

direct ship order
A purchase order to a third-party supplier that designates the destination as the customer. Direct ship orders occur when a product is not available from a company-owned or operated source, so the system creates an order to ship the product from a third-party source directly to the customer. Such transactions can result from loan/borrow or exchange agreements. —SYN. drop ship, back-to-back ship, third-party supply.

discount
An allowance or deduction granted by the seller to the buyer. A quantity discount is an allowance determined by the quantity or value of a purchase. A cash discount is an allowance extended to encourage payment of an invoice on or before a stated date. A trade discount is a deduction from an established price for items or services made by the seller to those engaged in certain businesses.

dispatch planning
The process of planning and scheduling of product deliveries efficiently. Considerations include dispatch groups, scheduled delivery date and time, preferred delivery date and time, average delivery time for that geographical location, available resources, and special equipment requirements at the product’s source or destination.

displacement days
The number of days calculated from today's date by which you group vouchers for payment in J.D. Edwards. For example, if today's date is March 10, and you specify three displacement days, the system includes vouchers with a due date through March 13 in the payment group. Contrast with pay-through date.

display field
A field of information on a screen that contains a system-provided code or parameter that you cannot change. Contrast with input field.

display sequence
A number that the system uses to reorder a group of records on the form.

display
(1) To cause the computer to show information on a terminal’s screen. (2) A specific set of fields and information that a J.D. Edwards system might show on a screen. Some screens can show more than one display.

disposition
(1) In liquids, the indication of what should be done with bulk product left on board a vehicle after delivery. (2) In purchase order receipts, the process of removing an item from a receipt route. Items could be removed because they are returned, adjusted, reworked, scrapped, or rejected.

distributed computing environment (DCE)
A set of integrated software services that allows software running on multiple computers to perform in a seamless, transparent manner to end-users. DCE provides security, directory access, time, remote procedure calls, and files across a network.

distribution requirements planning (DRP)
A method of analyzing the demand across multiple branch/plants for finished goods, and creating transfer orders between the plants to ensure that no one plant runs out of an item.

DMA
Direct Memory Access.

DNS
Do Not Spread.

document number
A number that identifies the original document, such as voucher, invoice, unapplied cash, journal entry, and so on.

document types
A code that identifies the origin and purpose of the transaction. For example, a sales order is an SO and a purchase order is an OP.

document-export
See export documents.

document-safety
See Hazardous Materials (HAZMat) documents.

domain name
The highest-level name of an Internet website.

DOS
Disk Operating System.

download
The transfer of data to another computer, a peripheral device, or a remote location.

draft
A promise to pay a debt. Drafts are legal payment instruments in certain European countries.

drop ship
See direct ship orders.

duplicated database
A decision support database with a copy of operating data. Like a data warehouse, it reduces the load that reports and inquiries impose on a transactional server.

dutiable
A transaction's characteristic of requiring payment of a duty or tax, as imported goods.

duty
A payment due to the government during a sale of goods, especially a tax imposed on imports, exports or manufactured goods. Duty can be based on a product’s end use and is subject to other taxes and discounts. Unlike taxes, which tend to be based on percentages, duties tend to be fixed amounts. The same ship-to customer may have two different customer ID numbers (duty-free and requires duty) to designate the duty attached to a sale. Depending upon the country, duty may be displayed as a line item on an invoice, or be built into an item’s price.

duty-free
A transaction's characteristic of not requiring payment of a duty or tax during the sale of goods. The records for the customer receiving the product (ship-to customer) indicate duty-free sales. The same ship-to customer may have two different customer ID numbers (duty-free and requires duty) to designate the duty attached to a sale. Product item codes or the Duty Status assigned on the End Use preference determine if a product is duty-free.

dynamic link library (DLL)
A set of programs that are called by an executable file when the executable file starts running. The DLL does not have to be linked to an executable file, which allows many different applications to use it. DLLs usually contain common functions.

dynamic partitioning
The practice of dynamically distributing programs or data to several tiers of a client/server system.

dynamic
A display or data element that is constantly updated with new information.



E

EAI
Enterprise Application Integration. Making different business software programs place nicely with each other. EAI is already fairly well advanced in larger businesses, which have emphasized sharing data among personnel, logistics, manufacturing and accounting systems that were originally designed to work independently. These days, EAI more often refers to the sharing of data between software systems at different companies – a task of much greater complexity, given that most companies have customized their older software systems to their particular needs.

e-commerce
Electronic commerce. The conducting of business communication and transactions over networks and through computers. As most restrictively defined, electronic commerce is the buying and selling of goods and services, and the transfer of funds, through digital communications. However, electronic commerce also includes all inter-company and intra-company functions (such as marketing, finance, manufacturing, selling, and negotiation) that enable commerce and use electronic mail, EDI, file transfer, fax, video conferencing, workflow, or interaction with a remote computer.

ECS
Electronic Customer Support.

EDA
Estimated Date Available.

EDI
See Electronic Data Interchange.

edit
(1) To make changes to a file by adding, changing, or removing information. (2) The program function of highlighting fields into which you have entered inadequate or incorrect data.

EDP
Electronic Data Processing. Computerized systems used to manage accounting processes.

effective date
The date upon which an address, item, transaction, or table becomes effective. Examples include the date a change in address becomes effective, or the date a tax rate becomes effective. In the Address Book system, effective dates allow you to track past and future addresses for suppliers and customers.

Electronic Data Interchange
The paperless (electronic) transmission, in a standard syntax, of a given business document from computer to computer (for example, the exchange of purchase orders, shipment authorizations, advanced shipment notices, and invoices, using standardized document formats). —SYN. Electronic commerce.

Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)
A method of transferring funds from one company's bank account to that of another company.

ElS
Executive Information System.

embedded event rule
An event rule that is specific to a particular table or application, such as form-to-form calls, hiding a field according to a processing option, and calling business functions. Contrast with business function event rule. See also event rule.

employee history
Historical records of changes to employee information.

employee turnover
The ratio of the number of employees entering a department or organization to the number of employees leaving, for any reason.

employee work center
A central location for sending and receiving all OneWorld messages (system and user generated). Each user has a mailbox which contains messages that can be read, reassigned, escalated, replied to, and forwarded. The user can also use Microsoft Exchange to view the messages.

employee
A person who works for and who is paid by an organization.

encapsulation
The ability to confine access to and manipulation of data within an object to the procedures that contribute to the definition of that object.

end item
A product sold as a completed item or repair part. Any item subject to a customer order or sales forecast. —SYN. end product, finished goods, finished product.

ending inventory
A statement of on-hand quantities at the end of a period often terminated by a verification of physical inventory. —SYN. inventory or finished goods inventory.

engagement letter
A letter identifying the mutual understandings and initial expectation of the client and J.D. Edwards.

enhanced analysis database
A database containing a subset of operational data. An enhanced analysis database processes the data separately to speed up report generation and query responses. Use this when external and source data must be merged, or when performing trend analysis or regulatory reporting on historical data. See also duplicated database; enterprise data warehouse.

enterprise data warehouse
A large relational database containing data from many parts of the company. Data marts retrieve data from here. See also duplicated database; enhanced analysis database.

Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)
A closed-loop, integrated system that enables manufacturers and distributors to coordinate all of the activities necessary to fulfill customer demand. This includes activities associated with suppliers, customers, inventory, shop floor, product costing and accounting, forecasting, and planning and scheduling.

enterprise server
A database server and logic server. See database server. —SYN: host.

Enterprise Workflow Management
A system that provides a way of automating tasks, such as notifying a manager that a requisition is waiting for approval, using an email-based process flow across a network.

environment
The list of J.D. Edwards files or data required by a user to perform certain tasks. Each J.D. Edwards environment is separate from other environments, which allows users to avoid interfering with each other's work. For example, a programmer might have access to a test environment and a production (live data) environment. Most users have access only to the production environment.

EOM
End of Month.

ERP
Enterprise Resource Planning. An enterprise resource planning system is a software system that enables an organization to manage the effective and efficient use of its resources. Among the most important attributes of ERP are its ability to: (1.) automate and integrate the majority of the State's administrative processes, (2.) share common data and practices across the entire enterprise, and (3.) produce and access information in a real-time environment.

EOQ
Economic Order Quantity, the minimum quantity of an item to order at the lowest available per-unit price possible.

ERISA
Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, which protects employees who participate in employer-sponsored benefit plans and the employees' beneficiaries. The law establishes standards for conduct, responsibility, and obligations for employee benefit plan fiduciaries. The law specifies rules for benefit plan participation, vesting, and funding for new/existing plans. It also provides employees with remedies, sanctions, and access to the federal courts.

ESS
Employee Self Service.

ETO
Engineered To Order.

event rule
A logic statement used to create complex business logic easily. These logic statements can be attached to applications or database events, and are executed when the defined event occurs, such as opening a form, selecting a menu option, or selecting a record. An event rule can validate data, send a message to a user, call a business function, or perform other actions. There are two types of event rules: embedded event rules, and business function event rules.

event
An action that occurs when an interactive or batch application is running. Events can be such things as tabbing out of an edit control, clicking a button, opening a form, or performing a page break on a report. Event rules govern available actions in a form.

executable file
A program that can be run from the computer's operating system. —SYN: application; program.

execute
See run.

Exit bar
The tall pane with icons in the left portion of many OneWorld program windows. (There is no Exit bar in OneWorld Explorer.) The Exit bar is a visual representation of commands that were once assigned to function keys and option numbers in older formats of J.D. Edwards' software. If your Exit bar does not display, select Preferences, Exit Bar on any OneWorld program window.

exit
(1) To interrupt or leave a computer program by pressing a specific key or a sequence of keys. (2) An option or function key displayed on a screen that allows you to access another screen.

expedient method
See A/P Ledger method.

expedite
To “rush” or “chase” production orders because of an increase in relative priority of sales orders that are needed in less than the normal leadtime.

expenditures
Where accounts are kept on the accrual or modified accrual basis of accounting, the cost of goods received or services rendered regardless of when cash payments are made. When accounts are kept on a cash basis, expenditures are recognized only when cash payments for the above purposes are made.

export documents
Documents required to accompany a shipment of product across national boundaries.

export invoice
Any one of several specially formatted invoices required for customs or commercial purposes and that contain mandated information in addition to that required by the customer.



F

facilities
The physical office, plant or warehouse and the equipment each contains.

fast path method
See A/P Ledger method.

Fast Path
A method of using a menu ID or shortcut to display a menu or window in J.D. Edwards.

FDA
File Design Aid. A J.D. Edwards design tool.

field
(1) An area on a screen that represents a particular type of information, such as name, document type, or amount. Fields that you can enter data into are designated with underscores. (2) A defined area within a record that contains a specific piece of information. For example, a vendor record consists of the fields Vendor Name, Address, and Telephone Number. The Vendor Name field contains just the name of the vendor. See also display field; input field.

FIFO
See First In, First Out.

file
A collection of related data records organized for a specific use and electronically stored by the computer under one name. —SYN. table.

finance charge
An amount charged to a customer based on a percentage assessed on an unpaid invoice exceeding the grace period.

financial reporting date
The user defined date used by J.D. Edwards when you run financial reports.

financial systems
The central and foundational systems of J.D. Edwards software, including General Accounting, Accounts Payable, Accounts Receivable, Address Book, Financial Reporting, Financial Modeling and Allocations, and Back Office. See also core.

financials
Money-related business processes such as accounts payable, accounts receivable, budgeting, general ledger, etc.

find/browse
A type of form used to: (1) Search, view, and select records in a detail area. (2) Delete records. (3) Exit to another form. (4) Provide an entry point for most applications.

firewall
A security technology that allows a company to test, filter, and route all incoming messages.

First In, First Out (FIFO)
A method of inventory valuation for accounting purposes, based on the assumption that oldest inventory (first in) is the first to be used (first out). There is no relationship with the actual physical movement of specific items. See also Last In, First Out.

fiscal year
A company's tax reporting year. Retained earnings are generally calculated at the end of a fiscal year. It is often different than a calendar year. For example, a fiscal year may be the period of October 1 through September 30.

fiscal year end
At the end of the year, this is the process by which assets, liabilities, equity, revenue and expense accounts are adjusted to meet GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles).

fix/inspect
A type of form used to view, add, or modify existing records. A fix/inspect form does not have a detail area.

fixed cost
An expenditure that does not vary with the production volume (for example, rent, property tax, and salaries of certain personnel).

flash message
A code that you define to describe the credit status of a customer. Examples include Over Credit Limit, COD Only, Bad Credit Risk, and Requires A Purchase Order.

flexible account numbers
In distribution, the format of account numbers for journal entries. The format you set up must be the three segments that consist of a business unit, object, and subsidiary.

float days
The number of days from the time you write a payment to the time the bank makes the payment and deducts the amount from your bank account.

Form Design Aid (FDA)
A OneWorld development tool used to build interactive applications and forms.

form interconnection
A link that allows one form to pass data to another. Form interconnections can be attached to any event, but are normally triggered by a button click.

form type
There are seven form types in OneWorld: (1) find/browse, (2) fix/inspect, (3) header detail, (4) headerless detail, (5) message, (6) parent/child, and (7) search/select.

form
The element of the OneWorld graphical user interface by which the user exchanges data with interactive applications. Forms are made up of controls, such as fields, options, and the grid. These controls allow the user to retrieve information, add and revise information, and navigate through an application to accomplish a task. —SYN. window.

fourth generation language (4GL)
A programming language, such as Structured Query Language, that allows you to specify what to do, and it determines how to do it.

Free On Board (FOB)
(1) The terms of a sale that identify where title passes to the buyer. (2) A transaction in which the seller provides a product at an agreed unit price, at a specified loading location within a specified period. It is the buyer’s responsibility to arrange for the transportation and insurance, and lift the material within the specified loading/unloading time (laytime).

freestock
The quantity of product that can be promised for sale or transfer at a particular time, taking into consideration current on-hand quantities, replenishments in process and anticipated demand.

freight (charge)
A cost incurred for the transportation of product between two points, as well any charges for related services.

FTP
File Transfer Protocol.

function
A separate feature within a facility that allows you to perform a specific task (for example, the field help function).

functional server
A central system location for standard business rules about entering documents such as vouchers, invoices, and journal entries. Functional servers ensure uniform processing according to guidelines you establish.

future commitment
The quantity of items on order whose requested shipment date is beyond the standard commitment period specified in the branch/plant's constants.



G

G/L method
One of the two methods J.D. Edwards provides to process 1099 tax reporting forms. Using this method, you produce 1099s from data stored in the Account Ledger table (F0911). Also called the tough/right method.

G/L offset
An account used by the post program to create automatic offset entries. In OneWorld, a posting program uses an offset account (usually an A/R or an A/P trade account) to compensate for one-sided voucher expense or cash receipt entries.

G/L posted code
A system code that indicates the status of individual documents. For example, P indicates that a voucher or invoice has been posted.

GA; G/A
General Accounting. —SYN. GL, G/L; general ledger.

gain
(1) An increase in value of product attributed to an increase in its measured quantity. (2) An increase in profit attributable to the reduction of a transaction’s quantity. (3) An increase in inventory when an actual measurement of the physical inventory is greater than the book inventory shown on the computer. As this is an unidentified gain, research might be done to determine if the gain is associated with temperature, over shipment, or for other reasons.

gate-pass confirmation
See shipping confirmation.

general ledger receipt
A receipt that is directly applied to a G/L account without being applied to a specific invoice. These are typically non-A/R receipts.

general ledger
A ledger that contains all the accounts needed to prepare an income statement and balance sheet.

GL; G/L
General Ledger.

glossary
See data dictionary.

go live
The time when end users will begin using NIS for their particular business purposes.

Goods and Services Tax (GST)
A tax assessed in Canada.

grant
A contribution of assets (usually by cash) by one government entity (or other organization) to another. Most often, these contributions are made to local governments from the state and federal governments. Grants are usually made for specified purposes.

Graphical User Interface (GUI)
Modern user interfacing technique that utilized the graphics technology of desktop systems to enhance the presentation of textual and numeric data, graphical information and application control.

grid
See detail area.

gross up
The process that J.D. Edwards uses to calculate gross wages from net pay. Use the gross up feature to determine the gross amount of a payment that produces a specific net payment for the employee.

gross weight
See weight.



H

hard commitment
The act of reserving items to fill an order from a specific warehouse location/lot.

hard copy
A presentation of computer information printed on paper. —SYN. printout.

hardware
The computer itself and any of the peripheral devises that are a part of the system.

hash total
A sum produced by numbers with different meanings. For example, adding amounts in different currencies.

Hazardous Materials (HAZMat) documents
Documents that required to accompany a product shipment that describe the product’s properties and include handling, transport, and emergency instructions.

head count
The number of people in a particular position, department or organization.

header area
In J.D. Edwards software, the area at the top of a screen or window, which controls or pertains to all of the information displayed in the detail area. For example, a customer's address number is part of a sales order's header area. Contrast with detail area.

header/detail
A type of form used to add, change, or delete records from two different tables, which usually have a parent/child relationship.

headerless detail
A type of form used to work with multiple records in a detail area. You can change the records in the detail area.

held order
An order that cannot be fulfilled until certain conditions are met. Examples of held orders are a suspend order, back order, or conditional order. If an order is on hold for credit reasons, it cannot be shipped.

highly compensated employee (HCE)
An employee who (1) owns at least five percent of the company during the past two years, or who (2) earned more than $80,000 and was in the top 20 percent of employees ranked by compensation. This is a standard used for 401(k) discrimination tests.

HIPAA
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, a federal law that prevents health insurance companies from denying employees coverage or charging them higher premiums because of their medical condition. The law requires that insurance companies allow terminated employees to keep their medical coverage.

HMC
Horizontal Microcode.

holding costs
A calculation of the cost of money, storage, warehousing, personnel, insurance, and so forth, over the number of days material sits idle. See also carrying costs.

host
The computer on which a website is physically located.

HyperText Markup Language (HTML)
HTML is not really programming language, but a way to format text by placing marks around the text.

HTTP
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol. A protocol that tells computers how to communicate with each other.

hypertext
A database system that provides links between text, sound, video, and graphics, which provides the means to change seamlessly back and forth or to combine them.



I

IBT
Inter-agency Billing Transaction.  This is the mechanism within NIS for billing agencies.  Formerly known as ITD - Intrastate Transaction Document.



I/O
Input/Output.

ICCC
InterCompany Cost Center.

ICF
Intersystem Communication Function.

ICH
InterCompany Hub.

IDDU
Interactive Data Definition Utility. An IBM product.

IMP
Internal Microprogram Load.

IMPI
Internal Microprogramming Interface.

implementation methodology
The steps taken by the J.D. Edwards core team to install the software in a thorough and consistent manner.

incremental cost
(1) The cost associated with increasing the output of an activity or project above some base level. (2) The additional cost associated with selecting one economic or business alternative over another such as the difference between working overtime or subcontracting the work. (3) The cost associated with increasing the quantity of a cost driver. —SYN: differential cost.

index
Represents both an ordering of values and a uniqueness of values that provide efficient access to data in table rows. An index is made up of one or more columns in the table.

indexed allocations
A procedure used to allocate or distribute expenses, budgets, adjustments, and so on, among business units, based on a fixed percentage.

indirect costs
Costs that are not directly incurred by a particular job or operation. Certain utility costs, such as plant heating, are often indirect. An indirect cost is typically distributed to the product through the overhead rate.

indirect measurement
The process of determining the quantity on hand by (a) measuring the storage vessels and calculating the content’s balance quantity, or (b) theoretically calculating consumption of ingredients and deducting them from the on-hand balance.

inheritance
The ability of a class to receive all or part of the data and procedure definitions from a parent class. Inheritance enhances development through the reuse of classes and their related code.

initialize
(1) To format a computer disk to accept data. (2) To boot up a computer by loading the system files it needs to become functional.

input field
An area on a screen where you type data, values, or characters. A field represents a specific type of information such as name, document type, or amount. Contrast with display field.

input queue
A repository for the records or reports that have been submitted for processing by the system. See also output queue.

input
Information you enter in the input fields on a screen or that the computer enters from other programs and then edits and stores in files.

inspection
The process of measuring, examining, testing, or gauging one or more characteristics of a product or service and comparing the result with a specified requirements to determine whether conformity is achieved for each characteristic.

install system code
The code that identifies a J.D. Edwards system. Examples are 01 for the Address Book system, 04 for the Accounts Payable system, and 09 for the General accounting system.

integrated system
A term used to describe components (modules) of a system which work together to achieve multiple business processes and one in which information or data is shared across the various components. Information does not have to be entered multiple times. As soon as the data is entered it is available throughout the enterprise.

integrated toolset
A OneWorld toolset used to build interactive and batch applications, as well as reporting and other batch processes, change management, and basic data warehousing facilities.

integrity test
A process used to supplement a company's internal balancing procedures by locating and reporting balancing problems and data inconsistencies.

integrity
Soundness, completeness.

interactive processing
A job the computer performs in response to commands you enter from a terminal. During interactive processing, you are in direct communication with the computer, and it might prompt you for additional information during the processing of your request. Contrast with batch processing. See also online.

interbranch sales order
A sales order used for transactions between branch/plants other than the selling branch/plant.

interest invoice
An invoice calculated on paid invoices whose payment was received after the specified due dates.

interest rate computation code
A code used to define the rates and effective dates used for calculating interest charges.

interface
Hardware or software that forms a link between devices and allows them to communicate with each other.


internal list price
The price as given in an internal list or catalog used by a company’s employees for reference purposes. See also non-list price; list price.

Internet
The worldwide collection of servers, applications and information available to a web browser through a phone line or a network connection.

interoperability
The ability of different computer systems, networks, operating systems, and applications to work together and share information.

inter-plant transfer
The movement of goods from one manufacturing facility or warehouse to another. Typically, both facilities belong to the same corporation, with the receiving facility further processing the goods. An inter-plant transfer order usually creates a purchase order for the shipping location and a sales order for the receiving location. —SYN: interbranch transfer order.

intranet
A small Internet confined to one company.

invalid account
A G/L account that has not been set up in the J.D. Edwards Account Master table (F0901).

inventory pricing rules
A discount method that is used for supplier purchases and customer sales. The method is based on effectivity date, up-to quantities, and an price/cost adjustment factor.

inventory reconciliation
The physical inventory count is compared with the book inventory quantities, and differences are reconciled, with any gains or losses recorded. See also cycle counts.

inventory turn
The number of times that the inventory cycles, or turns over in a year. A frequently used method to compute inventory turnover is to divide the annual costs of sales by the average inventory level.

invoice cycles
See cycle billing.

invoice match
A receipt application method where the receipt is applied to specific invoices. A discount can be allowed or disallowed using invoice match.

invoice
An itemized list of goods shipped and/or services rendered, stating quantities, prices, fees, shipping charges, and so forth. In the energy/chemical industry, the invoice format can vary based upon product group. Also, companies often have their invoices mailed to a different address than where they ship products. In such cases, the “bill-to” address differs from the “ship-to” address. Invoices sometimes show dual units of measure (for example, gallons and barrels equivalent in liters). See also delivery ticket.

IP
A connectionless communication protocol that transmits datagrams (self-contained packets of information that are forwarded by routers based on their address and the routing table information contained in the routers). Every node on a TCP/IP network requires an address that identifies both a network and a local host or node on the network. In most cases the network administrator sets up these addresses when installing new workstations. Some workstations request a dynamically-assigned address from the server when they boot up.

IPL
Initial Program Load.

Iserver Service
A J.D. Edwards internet server service used to speed delivery of the Java class files from the database to the client.

ISO 9000
A series of standards established by the International Standards Organization, designed as a measure of product and service quality.

ISP
Internet Service Provider. This is your connection to the Internet (e.g., AOL, MSN).

ISR
Initial Scope and Requirements meeting.

ITB
Invitation To Bid. The written solicitation document used by the State Purchasing Bureau for seeking competition and obtaining bid responses.

item availability
The on hand inventory balance minus allocations, backorders, and quantities withheld for quality problems.

item master record
The master record for an item. It contains identifying and descriptive data and control values (leadtimes, lot sizes, etc.). It also may contain data on inventory status, requirements, planned orders, and costs. Manufactured item records are linked together by product structure records that define the bill of material for an item.

item number
A number that serves to uniquely identify an item in the J.D. Edwards system. —SYN. part number.

item
Any unique manufactured or purchased part, material, intermediate, subassembly, or product. Each item is assigned a unique item number in the J.D. Edwards system.

ITF
Interactive Terminal Facility.



J

JAD
Joint Application Design. The JAD is a common method of getting the prospective users to a new computer system (application) together with the people who will be designing such a system (hence "joint"). A JAD traditionally precedes development work for an application written entirely by a group of in-house developers.

jargon
A J.D. Edwards term for system-specific help text. You base your help text on a specific reporting code you designate in the Data Dictionary Glossary. You can display this text as part of online help.

Java Database Connectivity (JDBC)
Sun Microsystems' standard method of accessing Java databases.

Java
An Internet executable language developed by Sun Microsystems that is platform-independent. Java applications (applets) can be downloaded and executed from a Java-enabled web browser.

JDE
J.D. Edwards. NIS Project's software provider.

JDEBASE Database Middleware
A J.D. Edwards proprietary database middleware package that provides platform-independent APIs for multi-database access, used both as interactive and batch engines to dynamically generate platform-specific SQL depending on the datasource request, and as open APIs for advanced C business function writing, which are used by the engines to generate platform-specific SQL dynamically. The middleware also provides client-to-server and server-to-server database access, using third-party drivers such as Client Access 400 and open database connectivity (ODBC).

JDECallObject
An application programming interface used by business functions to call other business functions.

jdeini
A J.D. Edwards file (or AS/400 member) that provides runtime settings required to initialize OneWorld. Specific versions of this file/member must exist on each machine that runs OneWorld, whether it is a client or server.

JDENET communications middleware
J.D. Edwards proprietary communications middleware package for OneWorld. It is a peer-to-peer, message-based, socket-based, multi-process communications middleware package. It handles client-to-server and server-to-server communications for all OneWorld supported platforms.

JDENET
J.D. Edwards' proprietary middleware software. JDENET is a messaging software package.

job queue
A group of jobs waiting to be batch processed.

journal entries
Business transactions that are stated in terms of equal debits and credits to accounts in the chart or accounts. Most journal entries are based on source documents such as vouchers or invoices.

Just In Time Installation (JITI)
OneWorld's method of replicating objects from the central object location to a workstation, dynamically.

Just In Time Replication (JITR)
OneWorld's method of replicating data to individual workstations. OneWorld replicates new records only when the user requests the data. Use Pull Replication to replicate changes, deletions, and updates.



K

key general ledger account (Key G/L)
See automatic accounting instruction.

KEY
One or more columns that identify one or more records in a database table.



L

Last In, First Out (LIFO)
A stock accounting rule that assumes that each outbound movement of a product draws against the most recent inbound receipts of that same product. See also First In, First Out.

LAN
Local Area Network. Two or more computers that are linked within an office or building to share programs, data, output devices (i.e., printers), etc.

leading zeros
A series of zeros that some fields in J.D. Edwards place in front of a value to fill up the field completely.

leadtime
(1) A span of time required to perform a process (or series of operations). (2) In a logistics context, the time between recognition of the need for an order and the receipt of goods. Individual components of leadtime can include order preparation time, queue time, move or transportation time, and receiving and inspection time.

ledger type
A ledger used by the system for a particular purpose. For example, all transactions are recorded in the AA (actual amounts) ledger type in their domestic currency. The same transactions may also be stored in the CA (foreign currency) ledger type. Also known as a ledger.

level check
A mechanism of the OS/400 that assures that a file version and program using that file are in sync with one another.

Level Of Detail
(1) The degree to which information is summarized. The highest level of detail is 1 (most general) and the lowest level of detail is 9 (most specific). (2) The degree of difficulty of J.D. Edwards menus. There are eight levels: major product directories, product groups, basic operations, intermediate operations, advanced operations, computer operations, programmers, and advanced programmers.

LIFO
See Last In, First Out.

line of business
A segment of the customer base and the products or product lines they typically purchase. Line of business may be a factor in pricing products.

link
A connection between two computers or a computer and its peripherals. On the Internet, a link is a graphic or text that will transport you from one Internet site to another.

LIOM
Line Input/Output Manager.

list price
The retail price as given in a list or catalog, variously discounted in sales to dealers or industrial customers. The list price is calculated from the base price. See also non-list price; internal list price.

liter
Unit volume in the metric system equal to 61.025 cubic inches or 0.264178 gallons US liquid.

load balancing
The process of physically arranging components of a load by weight and height to ensure the safety of the trip.

load confirmation
See shipping confirmation.

load date
Date the product leaves the plant or warehouse.

loading note
A document that tells the delivery driver how much of the item to load and describes how the driver should load the item (unless the loading is automated). The note includes trip number, sequence number and loading sequence information. There are both packaged and bulk loading notes. —SYN. pick list, pick slip, packing slip.

location
A code that identifies the place where items are stored in a warehouse. This can also be a place where a process is underway, such as staging, receiving, shipping, or inspection locations.

location
A geographical spot which can be identified by latitude and longitude. Commonly used to refer to the site of a plant, warehouse or other place of business. A specific space in a warehouse (or tank) where a product is stored.

LOD
See Level Of Detail.

logged receipt
A receipt that is not applied to a specific customer or invoice, but instead is applied to a suspense account, where it is held until it is redistributed to the correct customer account(s).

logged voucher
See voucher logging.

logical file
A set of keys or indices used for direct access or ordered access to the records in a physical file. There can be several logical files with different accesses to a physical file.

loss
The decrease in inventory when physical inventory is less than the book inventory shown on the computer. This is an unidentified loss, and further research might be done to determine the reason for the loss.

lot number
A number that identifies a designated group of related items manufactured in a single run or received from a vendor in a single shipment.

lot
A quantity produced together and sharing the same resultant specifications and production costs.

LOV
List Of Values.

LRS
Loading Rack System.



M

mail distribution list
A list of people to whom you send electronic mail (e-mail) messages. This list enables you to quickly send notices, instructions, or requests to a predefined group of people.

manual invoices
Invoices that are generated after recording manual or “milk run” product deliveries. Recorded after-the-fact into the system.

margin
The difference between the cost and the selling price of goods produced and sold. —SYN. profit margin.

marketing unit
The unit of measure (UOM) for sales. UOM in which sales price is stated and customer orders are booked. May require conversion from stocking UOM and/or planning UOM.

master business function
A central location for standard business rules for entering transactions like vouchers, invoices, and journal entries. MBFs enforce uniform transaction processing.

master data
A term used to describe information which is relatively stable, remaining fairly constant over time. Examples are customers, vendors, and items. See also master file.

master file
A computer file that a system uses to store data and information that is permanent and necessary to the system’s operation. Master files might contain data or information such as paid tax amounts, vendor names, and vendor addresses.

master table
A computer table that a system uses to store data and information which is permanent and necessary to the system's operation. Master tables might contain data or information such as paid tax amounts and supplier names and addresses.

matching document
A document associated with an original document to complete or change a transaction.

material list
A statement of ingredients (materials) required out of storage to support production.

MDA
Menu Design Aid. A J.D. Edwards design tool.

media object
A file or text attached to a J.D. Edwards record. Media objects can be text, images, files, or shortcuts.

menu bar
The words displayed at the top of any OneWorld window, such as File, Edit, View, and so on. Click these words to display a pull-down menu of commands.

menu levels
See level of detail.

menu masking
A security feature of J.D. Edwards systems that lets you prevent individual users from accessing specified menus or menu selections. The system does not display the menus or menu selections to unauthorized users.

menu message
Text that appears on a screen after you make a menu selection. It displays a warning, caution, or information about the requested selection.

menu traveling
A method of moving between menus by typing the menu identifier in the selection field of the screen.

menu tree
The chain of menus displayed on the left side of J.D. Edwards' OneWorld Explorer. This “tree” shows the relationships of menus to each other, and permits quick navigation. If your menu tree does not display, click  on the OneWorld Explorer tool bar.

menu
The OneWorld Explorer display, with one or more program or menu selections. Double-click a selection to access it.

Messaging Application Programming Interface (MAPI)
An architecture that defines a messaging system's components and their behavior. It also defines the interface between the messaging system and the components.

Method Blue
IBM's project management implementation methodology.

method of payment
The financial instrument that can be used to retire the debt incurred. This may be cash, check, post-dated check, letter of credit, and so forth.

MI
Machine Interface.

middleware
The distributed software needed to support client/server interaction.

milestone
Significant event or achievement that marks the completion of a group of tasks in the implementation plan.

modal
A characteristic describing a restrictive interaction created by a given operating condition. Modal often describes a secondary window that limits a user's interaction with other windows. A secondary window can be modal with respect to its primary window, or to the entire system. The user must close a modal dialog box before the application can continue.

mode
A code that specifies whether amounts are in the domestic currency of the company the invoices or vouchers are associated with, or in the foreign currency of the transaction.

modeless
The characteristic describing a free interaction, without limits. Modeless often describes a secondary window that does not restrict a user's interaction with other windows. A modeless dialog box stays on the screen and is available for use at any time, but does not prevent the user from performing other activities in the application.

monetary account
(1) In common usage, any funds account. (2) In J.D. Edwards usage, a bank account limited to transactions in a single currency.

multiple AAI revisions
The process of revising several automatic accounting instructions at one time.

multiple stocking locations
Authorized storage locations for the same item number at locations in addition to the primary stocking location.

multitier architecture
A client/server structure that permits multilevel processing. A tier designates the computers that can be used to complete a particular task.

MVS
Multiple Virtual Storage.



N

NAS
Nebraska Accounting System. Currently, the State Of Nebraska's central financial system. NIS will replace NAS.

negative pay item
An entry in an account to indicate a prepayment. For example, this could be a prepayment for supplies before they are delivered. These are stored as pending entries, which are assigned negative amounts. After the debit arrives, the prepayment is cleared by entering the voucher and processing it as a pay item. A negative pay item can result from entering a debit memo (in A/P) or a credit memo (in A/R).

NEIS
Nebraska Employee Information System. Currently, the State Of Nebraska's payroll system. NIS will replace NEIS.

net weight
See weight.

network
A number of interconnected computers and peripherals for information exchange.

network computer
A stripped-down PC with little memory or disk space that can be used for network-based applications via a network browser. It is intended to be a lower-cost hardware solution for companies at any one time.

newsgroups
Also called usenets, they are ongoing discussion groups among people on the Internet who share a mutual interest.

next number facility
A software facility you use to control the automatic numbering of such items as new G/L accounts, vouchers, and addresses. It lets you specify your desired numbering system and provides a method to increment numbers to reduce transposition and typing errors. It is used to control the automatic numbering of such items as new G/L accounts, vouchers, address book numbers, invoice numbers and so forth.

next status
The next step in the life cycle of a transaction, such as a payment in Accounts Payable, or a sales order in Sales Order Management.

NIS
Nebraska Information System project

non-code agency
Under control of Boards and Commissions; i.e., Game and Parks, Education.

non-join logical file
Presents records that are composed of fields extracted from just one physical record, but can effectively merge two or more physical files.

non-list price
A price for bulk products that is determined by its own algorithms, such as a rolling average, commodity price plus. See also internal list price; list price.

nonprimary record
A record of the companies that make up the primary record. When you summarize tax IDs, all companies with the same federal corporate tax ID are summarized together under the parent.

non-significant part numbers
Part numbers that are assigned to each part but do not convey any information about the part. They are identifiers, not descriptors. Contrast with significant part numbers.

non-stock items
Items not counted as part of inventory, such as office supplies or packaging materials.

NSF receipt
A non-sufficient funds receipt, which is a payment that cannot be honored by the customer's bank because the customer's account lacks funds. An NSF receipt reverses the receipt and reopens the invoice item.

numeric character
A digit (0 through 9) that represents data. Contrast with alphabetic character and alphanumeric character.



O

OASDI
Old Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance. This is the legal term for Social Security (the Federal Insurance Contributions Act).

Object Configuration Manager (OCM)
The control center for the runtime environment. It keeps track of runtime locations for business functions, data, and batch applications. When one of these objects is called, the OCM directs access to it using defaults and overrides for a given user/environment combination. —SYN: Object Request Broker.

object embedding
The act of placing an object into another document. The object keeps its association with the application that created it. Any changes made to the object are stored only in that instance of the object. See also object linking.

object existence
The right to delete an object from the system.

object librarian
A storehouse of all versions, applications, and business functions that are reusable in building applications. It provides check-in/check-out capabilities for developers and controls the creation, modification, and use of OneWorld objects. The Object Librarian supports multiple environments and allows objects to be moved easily from one environment to another.

object linking and embedding (OLE)
A method of integrating objects from different applications, such as graphics, spreadsheets, text, audio clips and graphics. See also object embedding; object linking.

object linking
The process of linking an object to another document. This creates a reference from the object to the file it is stored in, and to the application that created the object. When the object is changed, the change is reflected in the application as well as anywhere else the object has been linked. See also object embedding.

object management
The right to change the name or library of an object. For physical files, the right to create a logical file over it.

object operational
The right to display the description of an object and the right to the general use of that object.

object orientation
Everything on the AS400 system that can be stored or retrieved is contained in an object.

object
A discrete entity.

object
A self-sufficient entity that contains data and functions to manipulate the data. In OneWorld, an object is a reusable entity that is based on software specifications created by the OneWorld toolset. See also object librarian.

object-based technology (OBT)
A technology that supports classes, polymorphism, inheritance, or encapsulation, or other principles of object-oriented technology.

offline
Computer functions that are not under the continuous control of the system. For example, if you were to run a certain job on a PC and then transfer the results to a host computer, that job would be considered an offline function. Contrast with online.

OneWorld application
An interactive or batch process that executes business functionality in OneWorld. It consists of reusable business functions and associated data that are platform-independent, and that can be configured across a TCP/IP network dynamically.

OneWorld development computer
A standard OneWorld Windows computer with the additional components of JFC (0.5.1), Generator Package with Generator.Java and JDECOM.dll, and R2 with interpretive and application controls/form.

OneWorld object
A reusable piece of code used to build applications. Object types include tables, forms, business functions, data dictionary items, batch processes, business views, event rules, versions, data structures, and media objects. See also object.

OneWorld process
A method that permits OneWorld clients and servers to handle processing requests and to execute transactions. OneWorld processes can be dedicated to specific tasks, such as messaging, to reduce wait times for other, more critical processes.

OneWorld
A combined suite of comprehensive Windows-based (C++) business applications and a toolset for customizing those applications. OneWorld is the current version of J.D. Edwards' software. Previous versions were WorldSoftware (a text-based system), and WorldVision (a pseudo-GUI interface with clickable buttons running on top of the text-based system).

on-hand quantity
The number of units that are physically in stock. The on-hand quantity appears in the primary unit of measure.

online information
Information the system retrieves, usually at your request, and immediately displays on the screen. This information includes items such as database information, documentation, and messages.

online
A reference to equipment that is directly connected to a central computer or network. Also refers to having access to the Internet.

open application architecture
An architectures that uses a functional server to allow the various blocks of user interface logic to access the same block of data integrity logic.

open database connectivity (ODBC)
A standard interface for different technologies to process data between applications and different data sources. The ODBC interface is made up of a group of function calls, methods of connectivity, and representation of data types that define access to data sources.

open systems interconnection (OSI)
A model developed by the International Standards Organization that specifies protocols and standards for the interconnection of computers and network equipment.

operand
See Boolean logic operand.

operating system
A program that directs all of the basic functions of a computer.

operation
A step in a routing.

order acknowledgement
A communication from a supplier to a customer, to acknowledge the receipt of a purchase order from the customer, or to notify the customer that the order has been shipped. An acknowledgement usually implies acceptance of the order by the supplier or customer.

order activity rules
Guidelines that establish the sequence of steps through which the system produces each detail line. These rules are defined in a line type and order type combination. For example, enter, approve, print, and receive an order and are steps in processing and order detail line.

order capture clerk
See customer service representative.

order detail line
The line that indicates the specific information for an item ordered.

order hold
A flag that stops the processing of an order because it has exceeded the credit limit, budget limit, or for another reason.

order line types
A code that defines how the system processes a transaction.

order revision
A change to a stock-based purchase order.

order template
A list of the items and quantities normally ordered by a customer. —SYN. product order group, customer’s business line.

order-based pricing
A pricing strategy that grants reductions in price to a customer based upon the contents and relative size (volume or value) of the order as a whole.

Organizational Change Management (OCM)
A process that helps organizations adapt to new working environments. It facilitates the process of making proposed changes acceptable and achievable in the organization by helping people understand the need for the change, supporting participation in the transition process, and building commitment and buy-in.

original document
The document that initiates a transaction in the system.

OS/400
Operating system for the AS/400.

OSHA
Occupational Safety and Health Administration, an agency that helps states to establish safe working conditions for employees.

OSI
Open Systems Interconnection.

output queue
A screen that lists the spooled files (reports) you have told the computer to write to an output device, such as a printer. After the computer writes a file, the system removes that file’s identifier from the online list. See also input queue; print queue.

output
Information the computer transfers from internal storage to an external device, such as a printer or a computer screen.

overhead distribution, allocation, assignment
The apportionment of overhead expenses as a rate or percent of dollar cost of a resource that is directly costed to actual production.

overhead
(1) Costs incurred in the operation of a business that cannot be directly related to the individual products or services produced. These costs, such as light, heat, supervision, and maintenance, are grouped in several pools (department overhead, factory overhead, general overhead) and distributed to units of product or service by some standard allocation method. (2) In the distillation process, that portion of the charge that leaves the top of the distillation column as vapor.

override
The process of entering a code or parameter other than the one provided by the system. Many J.D. Edwards systems offer screens that provide default field values when they appear. By typing a new value over the default code, you can override the default. See also default data.



P

package location
The directory structure location for the package and its set of replicated objects. This is usually \\deploymentserver\release\path_code\package\packagename. The replicated objects from the package are placed in subdirectories under this path.

package
OneWorld objects are installed on workstations using packages from the deployment server. A package lists the necessary objects for that workstation, and directs the install program to find them on the deployment server. A package is a snapshot picture of the objects on the deployment server at that moment.

packaged products
Products that by their nature must be delivered to the customer in containers suitable for discrete consumption or resale. —SYN. packed products.

PACO
Posted After Cutoff.

pallet
A low, portable platform, usually double-faced, on which materials are stacked for storage in a warehouse or transportation.

parameter
A number, code, or character string you specify in association with a command or program. The computer uses parameters as additional input or to control the actions of the command or program.

parent item
The assembled items of a kit. A parent item is a non-stock item.

parent/child relationship
A hierarchical relationship among your addresses (suppliers, customers, or prospects). One address is the parent and one or more subordinate addresses are children for that parent. This relationship is helpful, for example, when you want to send billing for field offices (subsidiary companies) to the corporate headquarters.

partitioning
A method of distributing data to local or remote sites to move it closer to users who access it. You can copy portions of data to different database management systems.

password
A unique group of characters that you enter when you sign onto the J.D. Edwards system to identify you as a valid user. Your J.D. Edwards password is not necessarily the same as your network password.

path code
A pointer to a set of objects. A path code is used to locate central objects and replicated objects.

pay item
A line item in a voucher.

pay status
The current condition of the payment, such as paid or payment-in-process.

pay type
A method of categorizing the various kinds of earnings that employees receive. Use pay types to direct labor costs to separate accounts in the general ledger.

payment control group
A system-generated group of payments with similar information (such as bank account). J.D. Edwards software processes all payments in a payment control group at the same time. —SYN. payment group.

payment group
See payment control group.

payment instrument
The method of payment, such as check, draft, EFT, and so on.

payment stub
The printed record of a payment.

payment terms
Terms of trade. These can vary by product, customer and customer type. Many types of terms can be set up (for example, 30 days, first Friday of the following month, and so forth). Default payment terms are set up in the customer master. Changes to these are terms are specified during order taking.

payment
(1) J.D. Edwards creates payments when you use the Create Payment Groups program. After you create payments, you can write them (print checks or write bank files to tape). (2) An instrument that employees receive when they are paid, such as a check or an automatic deposit advice slip.

payroll cycle
The process of paying employees. In J.D. Edwards, the payroll cycle consists of: (1) processing pre-payroll, (2) printing payments, (3) processing pro forma journal entries, (4) printing payroll cycle reports, and (5) processing final updates.

PBCO
Posted Before Cutoff.

pc or PC
personal computer.

PCR
Project Change Request.

PDBA
See pay type; deduction; benefit; accrual.

PDM
(1) Program Development Manager, a IBM design tool. (2) Product Data Management, a module of J.D. Edwards software.

performance indicators
Financial ratios and non-financial information that identifies efforts and gauges efficiencies and accomplishments of governments in providing services.

performance measures
Specific quantitative measures of work performed within an activity or program (e.g., total miles of streets cleaned). Also, a specific quantitative measure of results obtained through a program or activity (e.g., reduced incidence of vandalism due to a new street lighting program).

periodic billing
A billing cycle in which the due date of an invoice is based on the delivery date of the product. See also cycle billing.

peripheral
Non-essential equipment that is connected to a computer and controlled by it, such as a printer or scanner.

phase (project)
Objectives to be accomplished as defined in project scope. Multiple phases may be required to meet the goals of the project. The NIS project has five phases: Finance/Procurement, Human Resources/Payroll, Grant/Fixed Assets/Capital Projects, Budget, and Inventory.

physical file
A file that contains actual data records. A maximum record length of 32K; maximum fields per record is 8,000.

physical inventory
Actual inventory in a storage location. See also book inventory; reconciliation.

pick list, pick slip, picking list
(1) A list that tells warehouse personnel what items to pick up and where they are located. It is used for packed (packaged) products to let plant/warehouse personnel know what products to pull from inventory for an order. (2) A document that lists the material to be picked for manufacturing or shipping orders.

picking
The process of withdrawing from stock the components to make the products or finished goods to be shipped to a customer.

pickup order
An order where the customer collects (or picks up) the order at the source, using a customer-owned or third-party vehicle. For pickup orders, shipping confirmation and delivery confirmation are combined into one step. –—SYN. customer pickup.

plants
A separate factory or production facility that may be physically separate, or that may be used only for planning or accounting purposes. See also business unit.

platform independence
The characteristic of a software application with a single code base being able to run across a TCP/IP network consisting of several server platforms and SQL databases.

polymorphism
A principle of object-oriented technology in which a single mnemonic name can be used to perform similar operations on software objects of different types.

portability
The characteristic of an application being able to run on different operating systems and hardware platforms.

position budget
The amount of money budgeted for an employee's assignment for the fiscal year.

position
An employee's assignment or job.

post-dated check slot
J.D. Edwards logs and tracks post-dated check payments to be deposited and credited against a customer's account. This allows customers to send post-dated checks for payment.

posted code
A code that indicates whether a transaction or batch has been posted.

preference groups
A group of items or customers to which the system automatically applies preference information.

preference hierarchy
The searching mechanism that indicates the order in which you want the system to apply preference information to orders based on customer/item combinations.

preference
Information that you define for a customer, item, or combination of customer/group and item/group.

pre-note code
A code that indicates whether a supplier is set up or in the process of being set up for electronic funds transfer (EFT).

prepaid terms
Terms of trade (payment terms) that bypass the standard credit limit, because a credit check was done by product line.

price adjustment
A discount or surcharge added to the base price. May be based on factors such as contracts, customer line of business, duty status, payment terms, and so forth.

price calculation
The series of calculations required to derive the amount to be charged to a customer for the product that has been delivered.

price
See base price; commodity price; contract price; cumulative price; internal list price; list price; non-list price; promotional price; standard price.

priced delivery ticket
A document that provides the delivery instructions for an order or trip, specifying the products and quantities that should be delivered. Shows product price, value added tax (VAT), and any other additional charges associated with the delivery. A priced delivery ticket is also used to record information about what was actually delivered. The prices are for display purposes only, and no generations are made to accounts receivable. See also delivery ticket.

pricing hierarchy
The order in which the system applies pricing adjustments to sales order prices.

primary key
One or more columns that identifies each row in a table.

primary location
The designation of a certain storage location as the standard, preferred location for an item.

primary record
The record used for printing reports and forms. The primary record is created when (1) tax ID summarization does not occur, and therefore all company-level records are defined as primary records, or when (2) tax ID summarization occurs, and therefore all companies with the same federal corporate tax ID number are summarized together under one parent number. In this case, all companies with unique IDs are automatically primary records. See also nonprimary record.

print queue
An online list (screen) of written files that you have told the computer to print. Once the computer prints the file, the system removes the file’s identifier from the online list. See also output queue.

printout
A presentation of computer information printed on paper. —SYN. hard copy.

processing options
A  feature that allows you to supply parameters to direct the functions of a program. For example, processing options allow you to specify defaults for certain screen/window displays, control the format in which information gets printed on reports, change the way a screen displays information, and enter “as of” dates.

procurement
The process of obtaining products or services from suppliers. This process includes the decisions required for goods and providers, as well as the purchasing tasks required for documentation.

product grade
The categorization of different lots of the same end item based upon each lot’s specifications and where these lie within the range of acceptable specifications.

product group
See product line.

product library
A library containing programs and related data needed for IBM licensed programs that are installed on your system.

product life cycle
The period that starts with the initial product specifications and ends with the withdrawal of the product from the market. A product life cycle is characterized by certain defined stages, including research, development, introduction, maturity, decline, and abandonment.

product line
A group of products whose similarity in manufacturing procedures, marketing characteristics, or specification allow them to be aggregated for planning, marketing, and occasionally, costing.

production environment
A list of libraries that contains “live” programs and data.

production library
A production library is a library you create to contain your live J.D. Edwards data files.

profit center
A project, program, or business unit that is accountable for both revenues and expenses.

program help
Online facility which displays information about a program's use and functionality.

program specific help text
Glossary text that describes the function of a field within the context of the program.

Program Temporary Fix (PTF)
A set of updates to J.D. Edwards software that your organization receives on magnetic tapes, diskettes or CD-ROM. See CUM.

program
A collection of computer statements that tells the computer to perform a specific task or group of tasks.

project plan
The roadmap showing the route to successful project completion. A good project plan not only provides a ready list of short- and long-term tasks, prioritized by urgency and dependency, but also plainly indicates whether the project is on schedule.

project scope
Defines the area covered by the project and the boundaries to meet the project goals. Scope relates directly to your goal. It defines the result of the project in terms of what will and will not be done.

project sponsor
Provides direction and assistance to team members. The NIS Project sponsor was Lori McClurg, Director of Administrative Services at the time NIS was implemented.

promotional price
A special discount price effective during a specific time period for advertising or promotional purposes. Promotional pricing can affect contract pricing. Although typically its effect is additive, promotional pricing can also replace contract prices. Products sold during the promotional period must be invoiced at the promotional rate, even though they may be delivered and invoiced after the promotional period has ended. Promotional pricing is normally handled through price adjustments.

prompt
(1) A reminder or request for information displayed by the system. When a prompt appears, you must respond in order to proceed. (2) A list of codes or parameters or a request for information provided by the system as a reminder of the type of information you should enter or action you should take.

protocol
Rules governing the transfer of data within a computer, or between computers.

Provincial Sales Tax (PST)
A tax assessed by individual provinces in Canada.

PSAU
Primary Stock Accounting Unit.

pseudo company
A fictitious company used in consolidations. published table
The central copy to be replicated to other machines from a central “publisher” machine. The Data Replication Publisher Table (F98DRPUB) identifies all of the published tables and their associated publisher machines in the company.

publisher
The server that is responsible for the published table.

pull replication
A method of replicating OneWorld data to individual workstations. Workstations are set up as Pull Subscribers in OneWorld's data replication tools. The only time such Pull Subscribers are notified of any changes, deletions, or updates, is when they request this information via a message sent from the Pull Subscriber when booting up to the server that stores the Data Replication Pending Change Notification table (F98DRPCN).

purchase contract
An agreement with a vendor to purchase specific products. It can govern volume rebates, based upon the amount ordered.

purchase price variance (PPV)
The difference between actual invoice price per unit and the standard cost per unit.

purchased part
An item bought from a supplier.

purge
The process of removing records or data from a system file.

PYEB
Post Year End Balance.



Q

QBE
Query By Example. A QBE field allows you to sort and filter data in a column according to the example that you type in the QBE field. QBE fields allow you to use operators such as an asterisk (*), a less-than symbol (<), or a greater-than symbol (>).

QJDF data area
A space within the system to hold the system values information for the J.D. Edwards software. This area is referenced at sign-on and during installs and reinstalls for critical system information, such as security codes and initial libraries.

QSECOFR
The security officer of the AS/400.

quantity breaks
A method of defining prices based on the number of items ordered.

quarantine (QC hold)
Holding an inventory item and designating it as unavailable due to damage, recall or the need for quality testing.

query
A fast means to select and display (or print) information from a database. An IBM utility for databases.

queue
(1) In computers, see job queue, output queue, and print queue. (2) In manufacturing, a waiting line. The jobs at a given work center waiting to be processed. As queues increase, so do average queue time and work-in-process inventory.

quotas
The practice of limiting the volume of product that may be delivered to a particular customer site during a specified period of time. See also allocation.

quote orders
(1) In procurement, a request from a supplier for item and price information  from which you can create a purchase order. (2) In sales, item and price information for a customer who has not yet committed to a sales order.



R

RAM
Random Access Memory.

rate type
For currency exchange transactions, the rate type distinguishes different types of exchange rates. For example, you may use both period average and period-end rates, distinguishing them by rate type.

read only
A type of access to data that allows it to be read, but not copied, printed or modified.

realized gain/loss
Currency gains and losses are incurred due to fluctuating currency exchange rates. A gain/loss is realized when you pay the invoice or voucher. See also unrealized gain/loss.

rebate
A refund, calculated after the original pricing, on the stated price of a product or service.

rebuild
The process of sequencing files, integrating recently added data.

receipt routing
A series of steps used to track and move items. The steps begin when the ordered items leave the supplier's warehouse through the arrival into stock at the customer's warehouse. The steps might include in transit, dock staging area, inspection, and stock.

receipt
(1) The physical acceptance of an item into a stocking location. (2) The transaction reporting of this activity.

reconciliation
The balancing of physical, actual, on-hand inventory to book inventory. Any difference between the two is written to a variance account for physical inventory adjustments. See also book inventory; physical inventory.

record format
The definition of how data is structured in the records contained in a file.

record level locking
A software feature that prevents two people from simultaneously updating the same data base information.

record
A collection of related, consecutive fields of data that J.D. Edwards treats as a single unit of information. For example, a vendor record consists of information such as the vendor’s name, address, and telephone number.

recurring frequency
The cycle in which a recurring transaction becomes due. For example, the transaction could recur monthly or quarterly.

recurring invoice
An invoice that becomes due for payment on a regular cycle, such as a lease payment.

recurring voucher
A voucher that comes due for payment on a regular cycle, such as a lease payment.

recursive
In J.D. Edwards, the ability to create a unique program version from the original, process the new version and delete it, leaving the original version intact.

recycle
A process used to create the next cycle (for example, next month's) of recurring invoices or vouchers.

re-engineering modules
Programs written for the purpose of changing many existing programs in mass.

refresh
A process used to update a customer's credit and collection information, such as Credit Analysis Refresh.

regenerable
A characteristic of OneWorld business function source code, which can be regenerated from specifications (business function names). Regeneration occurs whenever an application is recompiled, either for a new platform or when new functionality is added.

relationship
Links tables together and facilitates joining business views for use in an application or a report. Relationships are created based on indexes.

release
(1) The act of creating an order from a blanket order. (2) The authorization to produce or ship material that has already been ordered.

release/release update
A release of J.D. Edwards software contains major new functionality. A release update contains a group of fixes and enhancements, but no new functionality.

remote site
A site that cannot support an AS/400. Electronic interfacing with remote sites is needed.

REP
Rapidly, Economically, and Predictably.

repack code
A value that determines whether goods should be re-wrapped before putaway for a given unit of measure.

replacement cost
A method for setting the value of inventories based upon the cost of the next purchase.

replenishment
The quantity of an item that specifies when you should reorder an item.

replicated object
A copy or replicated set of central objects that resides on each client and server that run OneWorld. The path code indicates the directory where these objects are located.

reply list
A system-wide automatic message handler.

reporting code
See category code.

repost
In sales, the process of clearing all commitments form locations and restoring commitments based on quantities from the sales order detail table (F4211).

reprice, repricing
The process of examining unshipped, uninvoiced orders and applying the most current pricing rules. Also includes finding orders that should have different pricing and applying a final price to them. Repricing occurs when the price of a product changes. See also time-based repricing.

REQIO
Request Input/Output.

requisition
(1) In distribution, an authorization that identifies the item and quantity required. (2) In Human Resources, a record that contains information about an open position. Enter a requisition to begin the process of filling a vacant position.

reset
The process of changing a payment from a completed status to a next status of WRT (write). This allows you to correct or reprint payments.

retainage
The amount of a payment that a customer withholds to ensure a supplier's satisfactory performance. A percentage is usually withheld until the end of all or part of the project.

return confirmation
Recording the fact that product loaded on a vehicle and destined for a customer ship-to site was not delivered. See also delivery confirmation.

return order adjustment
See credit note.

revenue business unit
The business unit to which you post revenue transactions.

revenue cost center
See business unit.

reverse image
Screen text that displays in the opposite color combination of characters and background from what the screen typically displays (for example, black on green instead of green on black).

reverse
A method used to automatically create an opposite entry at the time the original transaction is posted to the general ledger.

RFP
Request For Proposal. A formal request that government entities use in procuring professional services and purchasing major items of equipment or awarding construction contracts. The requests specify the government's requirements for the services requested, and the parameters the bidders must consider in submitting their bids for the contract.

RIBA
Ricevuta Bancaria Elettronica, a common way for vendors to receive payments from their customers in Italy.

RMP
Risk Mitigation Process. A series of workshops and activities to identify and manage possible barriers and risks to a project's success.

ROM
Read Only Memory.

ROP
Reorder point.

routing/transit number
A number that uniquely identifies U.S. banks. This number is assigned by the Federal Reserve Board and consists of two parts: a routing number and a transit number.

Row
See record.

RPG
Report Program Generator. A programming language developed by IBM.

RRSP
Registered Retirement Savings Plan, the Canadian version of the United States' Social Security national retirement plan, funded by payroll taxes.

Rumba
A PC-based terminal emulator for the AS/400.

run
To cause the computer to perform a routine, process a batch of transactions, or carry out computer program instructions.



S

SAA
Systems Application Architecture.

safety stock
(1) In general, a quantity of stock planned to be in inventory to protect against fluctuations in demand and/or supply. (2) In the context of master production scheduling, the additional inventory and/or capacity planned as protection against forecast errors and/or short-term changes in the backlog. Overplanning can be used to create safety stock.

sales ledger
A table that contains order transaction history. The system writes order transactions to this table based on the order activity rules. You can determine at which point in the order process the system writes sales transactions to the table.

sales markup
For transfers or interbranch sales orders, the amount by which you increase the sales price to account for freight or additional charges.

sales order
A transaction in which a customer agrees to purchase an item from a seller.

sales targeting
Attempting to sell as much product as possible to a customer. This is the opposite of allocation.

sales tax
A fee calculated on the gross amount of the sale of goods. Customers who buy goods for their own use pay sales tax at the time of purchase. Customers who buy goods for resale do not pay sales tax.

scalability
A characteristic that allows software, architecture, network, or hardware growth that will support software as it grows in size or resource requirements.

school district tax
A payroll tax based on the school district where the employee resides.

scroll
Click the scroll arrows at the bottom or right side of a OneWorld window to display more information.

SDA
Screen Design Aid Utility. An IBM product.

search/select
A type of form used to search for a value and return it to the field that called for it.

seasonal specifications
Product specifications that are dependent on the season. For example, gasoline must be reformulated during the summer to eliminate butanes that would cause higher vapor pressures in a gasoline tank. If the butanes are removed from gasoline at the refinery, they must be used in other, less-profitable fuels.

selection
Found on J.D. Edwards menus, selections represent functions that you can access from a given menu. Double-click a selection to access it.

self-reconciling item
An item that does not require reconciliation.

sequence ID
A code that defines the order that payments are printed in a payment group. Each sequence ID has its own data sequence and a code to indicate an ascending or descending order sort.

sequence review ID
The order in which payments print in a payment group. Each sequence review ID has its own data sequence and a code that indicates whether the system sorts each data item in ascending or descending order.

serial number
A unique number assigned to identify a specific item with a lot size of one.

server
A computer that provides essential services to network clients and that provides management functions to network administrators. A server can allow a user to store programs and manage data. Some servers may be dedicated to archive functions, application functions, or databases.

servlet
A Java-based object that conforms to a specific interface that can be plugged into a Java-based server. Servlets are the server equivalent of a client computer's applets.

SEU
Source Entry Utility.

SGML
Standard Generalized Markup Language. A standardized markup language for describing the logical structure of a computer document.

shelf life control
A technique of physical FIFO aimed at reducing stock obsolescence through deterioration over time. Also the tracking of the number of days in storage.

shelf life
The expected number of days a product can be kept in storage and still retain acceptable properties within the standard range of specifications before becoming unusable.

ship confirm
The verification of items and shipping information that occurs after the warehouse personnel pick the items for an order and before the order is shipped.

shipment
Delivery of products or materials to fulfill an order. May include customer pick-up of product. See also shipping confirmation.

shipping confirmation
A transaction that captures actual shipping arrangements, such as the vehicle ID, trip or voyage number, the standard/observed load volumes, the seal numbers, and weight. —SYN. gate pass confirmation, load confirmation.

ship-to
The address to which you send the shipment.

single AAI revision
The process of revising one automatic accounting instruction at a time.

SIOM
Station Input/Output Manager.

site
A place on the Internet. Every web page has a location where it resides called its site.

Ski Slope
Reflects the analogy between the diverse nature of a ski slope and the diverse nature of J.D. Edwards software. There are five levels of software in J.D. Edwards: Basic, Intermediate, Advanced, Computer Operations and Program Modifications.

sleeper
A subsystem which activates jobs set to run during off-peak hours.

SME
Subject Matter Expert.

SNA
Systems Network Architecture.

SNADS
Systems Network Architecture Distribution Services.

SO
Sales Order.

soft coding
The characteristic of computer software that allows it to be user-programmable, so it can be tailored to a specific company’s needs. This capability is a key component of J.D. Edwards' software, so a company can define its own menus, processing options, data dictionaries, vocabulary, program parameters, security levels, and so forth.

soft commitment
The act of reserving items for sales orders or work orders in the primary units of measure, without designating exactly which warehouse location the items will come from.

Software Action Request (SAR)
A record which identifies an activity, such as the development of a new program or maintenance of an existing program.

Software Security Code (SSC)
A code that restricts user access to software.

software
The operating system and application programs that tell the computer how and what tasks to perform.

sold-to
The address to which you send invoices for orders.

special character
Representation of data in symbols that are neither letters nor numbers. Some examples are *, &, # and /.

special handling codes
Codes printed in boxes 13 and 14 on W-2 and W-2c forms, reserved for IRS use.

special period/year
The date used to determine the source balances for an allocation.

speed code
A user defined code that represents a G/L account number. Speed codes can be used to simplify data entry by making G/L accounts easier to remember.

spool
The function by which the system puts generated output into a storage area to await printing and processing.

spooled file
A holding file for output data waiting to be printed or input data waiting to be processed.

spooled table
A holding table for output data waiting to be printed or input data waiting to be processed.

spread
A payables and receipt application method used to distribute and apply an unapplied voucher, receipt, debit memo, or credit memo to open vouchers or invoices.

SQL
Structured Query Language.

staging
Preparing materials ahead of actual processing. Physically moving to point of use prior to schedule commencing, such as staging customer orders near the pickup dock in a warehouse.

Standard Industry Code (SIC)
A code the U.S. government developed to classify U.S. companies by their economic activity. Examples include agricultural services (0100), wholesale trade (5000), and services (7000).

standard price
The current, international price of a product. Used in negotiations.

standing order
See blanket order.

static text
Short, descriptive text that displays next to a control variable or a field. When the variable/field is enabled, the text is black. When the variable/field is disabled, the text is gray.

status code
A number assigned to a J.D. Edwards transaction that describes the transaction's current status.

stock checking
The act of physical verification of on-hand product quantities.

stock item
In J.D. Edwards, ready made products available for sale.

stock transfer
A movement of product or material (stock) from one location to another.

stop date
The date an allocation becomes inactive.

storage contract
An agreement in which one business partner in a distribution contract provides storage facilities for another, and charges a fee based on the quantity stored (cost per unit volume) and for the time the product is stored or the storage space is reserved.

store and forward
In J.D. Edwards, a method used to enter transactions on a PC and upload them to a server at a later time. For example, this method might be used for remote sites without dedicated lines to the server or for creating sales orders during business hours and uploading them for processing during off peak hours.

structure type
A code that identifies a type of organization structure with its own hierarchy in the Address Book system. Examples include accounts receivable or electronic mail.

Structured Query Language (SQL)
A fourth-generation language that is an industry standard for accessing relational databases. You can use it to create databases and to retrieve/add/modify/delete data from databases. SQL is not a complete programming language because it does not contain control flow logic.

subcontract
A secondary contract that assumes the responsibilities of the primary contract.

subfile
An area on the screen where the system displays detailed information related to the header information at the top of the screen. Subfiles might contain more information than the screen can display in the subfile area. If so, use the roll keys to display the next screen of information. See also scroll.

submit
See run.

subscriber table
A table that lists all of the subscriber machines for each published table. The subscriber table (F98DRSUB)is stored on the publisher server with the data replication publisher table (F98DRPUB).

subscriber
The server that is responsible for the replicated copy of a published table. Subscriber servers are listed in the subscriber table.

substitute
An item that can be replaced with another item.

substitution
(1) The act of selling a different product than was ordered. The product is normally of a comparable or higher quality than what the customer ordered. The customer master record specifies whether a customer will accept substitutions. (2) An ingredient which may be used in a recipe/formula when standard ingredient is unavailable. In such instances, the substituted product is always of comparable or higher quality than the product originally specified.

subsystem
A secondary system that can operate independently from or asynchronously with a controlling system.

subtable
An area on the form where the system displays detailed information related to the header information at the top of the form. Subtables might contain more information than the form can display in the subtable area. If so, use the roll keys to display the next form of information. See also scroll.

SUI
State Unemployment Insurance, funded by payroll taxes, that employees can collect under certain conditions after losing their jobs.

summarize
The process of combining similar information. In sales invoicing, you can group item information if the item number, cost, and price of each line item is identical. In sales update, some accounting entries can be combined for an order number instead of being created for each order detail line.

summarized invoices
An invoice that contains combined line item information. This is possible only if the item number, cost, and price of each line item are identical on a sales order.

summary
The presentation of data or information in a cumulative or totaled manner in which most of the details have been removed. Many of the J.D. Edwards systems offer screens and reports that are summaries of the information stored in certain files.

supersession
Specification that a current item is being replaced by a new item at a specified effective date.

supplemental data
Additional information about a business unit not contained in the master tables.

supplier ledger
The record of transactions between your company and a particular supplier.

supplier payment
The payment your company makes to a supplier.

supplier
An individual or organization that provides goods and services. —SYN: vendor.

supply chain
The link from the initial raw materials to the consumption of the finished product.

supply point
A generic term used to describe all of the various kinds of physical facilities, such as terminals, plants and warehouses, that may be used to store and distribute product.

supply-point differential
A factor in pricing an item is the location from which the item is supplied. The price differential that is based on a item’s source is called the supply-point differential.

SVR
Software Versions Repository.

system code
The code that identifies a J.D. Edwards system or module. Examples are 01 for the Address Book system, 04 for the Accounts Payable system, and 09 for the General Accounting system. All programs in a system have program IDs that begin with that system's code. System codes 55 through 59 are reserved for customer development.

system function
A OneWorld program module that is available to application and reports for further processing.

system library
A list of libraries containing objects, such as user profiles, that are used by the system. This part of a library list is defined by the system value QSYSLIBL and is usually the same for all jobs.

system
A collection of computer programs that allows you to perform specific business tasks. Some examples of applications are Accounts Payable, Inventory, and Order Processing. —SYN. application.



T

T/B
Trial Balance.

tab
A sub-window within J.D. Edwards OneWorld Explorer or a OneWorld program window, that allows you to add menus (in OneWorld Explorer) or reformat the grid (in program windows).

Table Design Aid (TDA)
A OneWorld tool for creating, changing, copying and printing database tables.

table event rules
Logic statements embedded in a table that provide triggers or programs that run automatically when an event occurs in a table. The functionality is application-specific.

table
A two-dimensional collection of related data records made up of rows and columns, that the system organizes for a specific use and electronically stored by the computer. A table row contains a record of related information.

tag counts
A method of counting all items in a location. Typically, when you perform a tag count, you physically place a tag on all items and count all items twice by location. Two teams record data on two different parts of the tag. You compare each team's data and resolve variances. See also cycle count tag.

tare weight
See weight.

tariff
(1) A system of taxes placed by a government on exports or, more often, imports. (2) A scale or list of prices. (3) Tables that describe the charges that will accrue for the transport of specific products over a given distance.

task
Unit of work in the implementation plan having a targeted beginning date, end date, and assigned to specific resources.

tax history type
A code for the various types of tax history that J.D. Edwards can track, such as standard, third-party sick pay, retired, Medicare-qualified, noncovered, and contract.

tax
A compulsory payment, usually a percentage, levied on income, property value, sales price, and so forth for the support of a government. Taxes can be displayed on invoices as separate items or can be rolled into the product’s price. Each tax has its own unit of measurement. See also duty.

taxable wages
The wages derived from the Taxation Summary History table in J.D. Edwards, determined by subtracting excludable and excess amounts from gross wages.

TBT
Technology Based Training.

TCP/IP services port
A link used by a particular server application to provide a designated service. The port number must be available so that the application programmer can specify it by name.

TCP/IP
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. A method of establishing connections between end systems for reliable message and data delivery.

template
A standard, user-defined form used during the order entry process. They are often used to specify the standard items ordered by a customer. —SYN. order template.

terminal identification
A workstation ID number, or the user ID of a valid user profile.

terms of trade
Payment terms. These can vary by product, customer and customer type. Many terms can be set up, such as 30 days, first Friday of the following month. Payment terms are specified during order entry.

third generation language (3GL)
A programming language, such as COBOL, C, Pascal, and FORTRAN, that requires detailed information about how to complete a task.

third party software
Programs provided to J.D. Edwards clients by companies other than J.D. Edwards.

third-party supply
See direct ship order.

three-tier processing
The task of entering, approving, and posting batches of transactions.

three-way voucher match
The process of comparing receipt information to supplier's invoices to create vouchers. In a three-way match, you use the receipt records to create vouchers.

throughput agreement
A service agreement in which a business partner agrees to store and manage product for another business partner for a specified time period. The second partner actually owns the stock stored in the first partner’s plant, but the first partner monitors the stock level, suggests replenishments, unloads, stores, and delivers product to the partner or its customers. The first partner charges a fee for storing and managing the product. TI code
A code that identifies the type of receipt application, which directly affects the way the receipt is processed.

tier 1 tax
A payroll tax calculated for railroad employees, performing the same function as FICA tax for non-railroad workers.

tier 2 tax
A payroll tax calculated for railroad employees, separate from FICA and Medicare taxes.

time log
An electronic mail method for tracking employees' time in the office. The time log lists when employees sign in, sign out, and employee remarks about their whereabouts and activities.

time-based repricing
A procedure wherein the unit price charged for certain products for certain customers is restated periodically and all invoices previously generated using a null or original price are credited and rebilled. In some markets, the price is not known until the end of the month.

timecard
A record of the hours worked by an employee. J.D. Edwards' Payroll system uses timecards to calculate pay.

title bar
The blue bar at the top of any OneWorld window. The white text in the blue bar is the title of the window (the name of the program).

To Be
The business process of the future under the NIS.

tolerance range
The amount by which taxes entered manually can vary from the system-calculated tax.

tough/right method
See G/L method.

TPA
Third Party Administrator.

trade discount
The percentage by which the system reduces the price of every line item ordered by a specific customer. If you define a trade discount in the customer billing instructions, this is the only discount that will be applied to the item price.

transaction code
A code that distinguishes the type of transaction on a bank statement.

transaction
An individual event reported to the computer system (for example, issue, receipts, transfers,and adjustments).

transfer order
An authorization to ship inventory between or within branch/plants to maintain an accurate on-hand inventory amount. The system processes a transfer order as a formal purchase and sale of goods.

transfers
The act of moving inventory from one location to another. The system processes a transfer as an inventory transaction, recorded immediately in the item ledger with costs and variances recorded in the general ledger.

transit account
A G/L account used to hold funds until they can be allocated to the correct account.

translation adjustment account
An optional G/L account used in currency restatement to record the total adjustments at a company level.

trigger
A device that permits default processing to be initiated from a data item. When a data item is used on an application or a report, the trigger is invoked by an event that affects the data item. OneWorld also has three visual search triggers: the calendar, the calculator, and the flashlight.

TSR (Technical Service Request)
A document that is created by the IMS Helpdesk to record a problem and its resolution.

two-way voucher match
The process of comparing purchase order detail lines to the suppliers' invoices to create vouchers. You do not record receipt information.



U

UBE
Universal Batch Engine. The J.D. Edwards OneWorld mechanism used to generate reports.

UDC Edit Control
A device that limits the values for a field to those defined in an associated UDC table. You can associate a UDC edit control with a database item or with a dictionary item. The visual assist flashlight appears next to the UDC edit control field. Click the flashlight to display the allowed values for the field. To create a UDC edit control, you must associate the data item with a specific UDC table in the data dictionary, and create a search/select form to display the UDC's valid values.

undo
To remove the payments from the payment run so that they no longer appear on any A/P payment review form. The system clears them from the worktable and moves vouchers from a pay status of # (payment in-process) to pay status A (approved).

Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
The address of a document on the Internet or an intranet, such as http://www.abc.com.

UNIX
A multi-user, multi-tasking operating system.

unpaid cash sales
A sale where the terms of trade (payment terms) are Cash On Delivery (COD), but where the product is delivered and no payment is made. For example, the manager went home before the delivery was made, so no cash was collected.

unrealized gain/loss
Currency gains and losses are incurred due to fluctuating currency exchange rates. A gain/loss is unrealized until you pay the invoice or voucher. See also realized gain/loss.

Unscheduled PTF
A form of Program Temporary Fix that includes patches for a particular module.

UOM
Unit Of Measure. Also abbreviated U/M, UM, or Um.

update
The process of adding new payments and void payments to the A/P Ledger (F0411), Accounts Payable Matching Document (F0413), and Accounts Payable Matching Document Detail (F0414) tables. The system updates these tables during payment processing and prints the payment register.

upload
The process of transferring information from your computer to another computer through the Internet.

UPS
Uninterruptible Power Supply.

URL
Uniform Resource Locator. The address of each website.

user class/group
A table for entering group profiles associated with J.D. Edwards users.

user defined code (type)
The identifier for a table of codes with a meaning you define for the system (for example, ST for the Search Type codes table in Address Book). J.D. Edwards systems provide a number of these tables and allow you to create and define tables of your own. User defined codes were formerly known as descriptive titles.

user defined code (UDC)
The individual codes you create and define within a user defined code type. Code types are used by programs to edit data and allow only defined codes. These codes might consist of a single character or a set of characters that represents a word, phrase, or definition. These characters can be alphabetic, alphanumeric, or numeric. For example, in the user defined code type table ST (Search Type), a few codes are C for Customers, E for Employees, and V for Supplier. Click  next to a searchable field to choose from a list of user defined codes.

user identification (user ID)
This is the unique identifier used to identify an individual on a computer.

user index
An object that stores data, allows search functions, and automatically sorts data based upon a key value.

user library
A libraries that contains objects, such as files and programs used by the user.

user profile
A file of information which identifies the user to the J.D. Edwards system. This file is used to validate the users authority within the system.

user space
An object made up of a collection of bytes used for storing user-defined information.

user type
A code which identifies a list of files which remain open while the user is signed on to the system.

usuals, usuals list record
A list of the products and quantities a customer normally or usually purchases. This is based on the customer’s past order history. See also template; order template.



V

valid codes
The allowed codes, amounts, or types of data that you can enter in a specific input field. The system checks or edits, user defined code fields for accuracy against the list of valid codes.

valuation
The technique of determining worth, typically of inventory. Valuation of inventories may be expressed in standard dollars, replacement dollars, current average dollars, or last purchased price dollars.

value-added tax (VAT)
A form of indirect sales tax paid on products and services at each stage of production or distribution, based on the value added at that stage and included in the cost to the ultimate consumer. A VAT charge is not rolled up into the price, but shown on an invoice as a separate line item with both the amount and the rate shown. Customers need the VAT shown separately, so that a portion can be reclaimed.

vanilla
The software as it functions out of the box.

variable numerator allocations
A procedure used to allocate or distribute expenses, budgets, adjustments, and so on, among business units, based on a variable.

VCS
Version Control System.

vendor
See supplier.

version
A specific release of software. Usually numbered in ascending order.

Vertex
A software package of callable routines and tables that calculate US PIR taxes.

video
The display of information on your monitor screen. Normally referred to as the screen.

virus
Unauthorized and unwanted instructions in a computer that disrupt its normal operation, often unintentionally downloaded from a website or acquired from sharing disks.

visual assist
Forms that can be invoked from a control, to help the user determine what data to put in the control.

VM
Virtual Machine. VMC


Vertical Microcode.

vocabulary overrides
A form of soft coding that lets a company change the vocabulary and terminology on J.D. Edwards' video displays and reports. It allows you to adapt the software to your corporate culture or national language and to override field, row, or column title text on a screen by screen or report by report basis.

void
A method used to create a reversing entry of the original transaction. Voiding a transaction leaves an audit trail.

volume discount
A discount based on the monetary amount, weight, or quantity of an item or group of items on an order.

voucher
A written document that is evidence of the propriety of a particular transaction (approval for payment of an invoice).

voucher logging
The process of entering vouchers without distributing amounts to specific G/L accounts. The system initially distributes the total amount of each voucher to a G/L suspense account, where it is held until you redistribute it to the correct G/L account or accounts.

voucher match
A payment application method where the payment is applied to specific vouchers.



W

W-3 form
The IRS-approved from used to summarize the amounts reported on all W-2 forms. The W-3 form should accompany W-2 forms when you file your taxes. W-3 is not used for magnetic media filings, only for employers who file paper copies of W-2s with the Social Security Administration.

W-3c form
The IRS-approved form used to print the corrected earnings and taxes on reports previously filed for an employee who worked in the U.S. The W-3c form summarizes the information on the individual W-2c forms.

WACO
Way After Cutoff.

walk-in price
The standard list price of a product. Also known as posted price, scheduled price and published price.

WAN
Wide Area Network. A network where devices are connected to one another for communication not confined to a local geographical area.

warehouse
A physical location for storage of materials. A logical grouping of locations of specific materials. May or may not be within a production facility. One or more warehouses may supply one production facility.

warrants
Obligations of governmental entities satisfied by the issuance of payments, referred to as checks by most agencies. Unlike a check, the warrant is a claim against the State Treasury, and can only be redeemed by the Treasury.

web browser
The program that allows you to surf the web (e.g., Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator).

web client
Any workstation that contains an internet browser. The Web client communicates with the Web server to obtain OneWorld data.

web server
Any workstation that contains the Iserver service, SQL server, Java menus and applications, and Internet middleware. The web client sends information to the web server, which passes the request to the enterprise server. The process for delivering data flows backwards down the same path.

weight (gross, net, and tare)
Gross weight is the total weight of the product and the vehicle. Tare weight is the weight of the product. Net weight is the difference between gross weight and tare weight and is the weight used for net reduction of inventory.

weighted due date
An invoice due date that is based on the amount owed.

who's who
A term that J.D. Edwards uses to identify contacts at a particular company. Examples include billing, collections, and sales personnel.

window
A software feature that allows a part of your screen to function as if it were a screen in itself. Windows serve a dedicated purpose within a facility, such as searching for a specific valid code for a field.

WO
Work Order.

word search stop word
A common word that the query search in the Address Book system ignores. Examples include street, avenue, or building.

work center
A specific production facility, consisting of one or more people and/or machines with identical capabilities, that can be considered as one unit for purposes of capacity requirements planning and detailed scheduling. —SYN. load center.

work day calendar
A calendar used in inventory and production planning functions that consecutively numbers only the working days so that the component and work order scheduling may be done based on the actual number of work days available. —SYN. planning calendar, manufacturing calendar, and shop calendar.

work order life cycle
In Plant & Equipment Maintenance, the sequence of events through which a work order must pass to accurately communicate the progress of the maintenance task it represents.

work order routing parts list
A shop document or shop paper.

work order status
A code indicating where the work order is in the manufacturing process.

work order
A request to manufacture a part or a finished item, for use in another manufacturing process or for sale.

worked
A code used to indicate whether a customer's account has been reviewed and updated. For example, you “work” an account by changing a customer's credit limit or customers who are eligible for a credit review.

workflow
The automation of a business process during which documents, information, or tasks are passed from one participant to another for action according to a set of procedural rules. See also Enterprise Workflow Management.

workgroup server
A remote database server usually containing subsets of data replicated from a master database server. This server does not perform application or batch processing. It may or may not have OneWorld running on it.

World Wide Web
A full color, multimedia database of information on the Internet, also known as WWW and the Web.

WorldVision
J.D. Edwards' semi-Windows-style format. Replaced by OneWorld.

write payment
A step in processing payments. Writing payments includes printing checks, drafts, and creating a bank tape table.

write-off
A receipt application method where the receipt is applied to the invoice and the difference is written off. You can “write-off” both overpayments and underpayments.



X

XML
Extensible Markup Language. A metalanguage written in SGML that allows one to design a markup language, used to allow for the easy interchange of documents on the World Wide Web. XML provides a supposedly universal way to describe individual products, components, and services, so that companies can share data with the assurance that they are all talking about the same things.

XREF
Cross reference tool for J.D. Edwards software.



Y

YTD
Year to Date.



Z

z file
A worktable where store-and-forward (offline) OneWorld transactions are kept. When a network connection becomes available, the z file is uploaded to the enterprise server and the transactions are edited by a master business function. Then the master business function updates the transaction files.

zone
A defined geographic area.

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